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Showing 7 results for Rastegari

Shahnaz Tork Zahrani , Leila Rastegari, Nahid Khoda Karami , Parvin Mohebbi,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (3-2012)

  Background and Objectives: Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers in developing countries. This disease and its treatment influence various aspects of quality of life. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between the quality of life and social support among cervical cancer survivors.

  Material and Methods: In this study 65 women treated for cervical cancer during 2001-2008 were recruited. Data were gathered using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire – Cervix 24, the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire – core 30, Version 3, and the social support questionnaire. The instruments’ validity was assessed using content validity and the reliability was assessed via test-retest and Cronbachchr('39')s alpha.

  Results: Results of our study showed that the quality of life scores for patients treated for cervical cancer was moderate (60/7 ± 98/46). The score of social support was moderate, too (91/20 ± 11/34). There were no relationships between the physical, psychological and social dimensions of quality of life with the social support. There were also no relationships between the mental and spiritual well-being with the quality of life (P> 0.05).

  Conclusion: The findings showed that the quality of life and social support scores were moderate among the participants of our study.

Parvin Mohebbi, Mahin Kamalifard, Shirin Barzanjehatri, Abdolrasol Safaeiyan, Leila Rastegari,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (7-2012)

Background and Objectives: Pre-marriage counseling enables couples to be aware of all aspects of sexuality and make them enjoy sexual activity. This study aimed to assess quality of sexual health counseling services in pre-marriage counseling centers in Tabriz. Material and Methods: In this study, 236 individuals referred to the pre-marital counseling centers in Tabriz were randomly selected. Data were gathered using a self-structured instrument including items on demographic characteristics and sexual health. The validity and reliability of the instrument was confirmed. Results: The results showed that 5.1% of the clients did not receive any sexual health services. More than half of the participants (53.4%) received low information and 41.5% received moderate information on the sexual health. There was a significant relationship between age and sexual health (p<0.05). Conclusion: It seems that focusing on the quality of sexual health services could help couples to have a healthy marriage.

Parvin Mohebi, Leila Rastegari, Elham Jaafari, Mansoureh Sepehrinia,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (Nursing & Midwifery Care Journal 2013)

Background and Objectives: Spiritual intelligence is an important concept in the field of spirituality. It combines the spirituality and intelligence structures within a new structure. Spirituality helps to better compatibility with the environment. This study investigated the spiritual intelligence of Zanjan Nursing and Midwifery students and assessed its relationship with some demographic factors. Material and Methods: In this correlational study, the intelligence level of 220 students in Nursing and Midwifery school of Zanjan were measured using the Spiritual intelligence questionnaire consisted of 29 items with the Likert scoring scale. The participants were selected using random sampling. The data was analyzed using statistical tests at the significant level of P<0.05 in the SPSS-18. Results: The result of the study revealed that 74.5 percent of the participants were female and 25.5 percent of were male. The mean age of the students was 21.5 (SD=23.2). The mean GPA of the students was 16.68 (SD=19.2). The mean score of Spiritual intelligence of student was 17.42 (SD=121) with a range of 43-145. The average of Spiritual intelligence was 16.9 (SD=122.61) among female students and 18.44 (SD=116.3) among male students. About 83.4 percent of students had good spiritual intelligence, 14.5 percent had average spiritual intelligence, and 1.8 percent of student had low spiritual intelligence. Conclusion: Nursing and midwifery studentshavea high level of spiritual intelligence. Personality characteristics need to be evaluated as predictor of spiritual intelligence.

Liela Rastegari, Parvin Mohebbi, Elham Jafari, Saeideh Mazlomzadeh,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (8-2016)

Background and Objectives: Pregnancy includes a temporary stress, and if not managed well, it becomes a prolonged problem which causes the mother and the family great distress. Some results show that training has a significant effect on reducing anxiety, pain and duration of labor. Mothers trained as compared with the control group experienced less pain and anxiety. This study aimed to investigate the effect of childbirth preparation classes on childbirth attitude in parous women at Zanjan.

Materials and Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study. A sample of 60 parous women were divided into two 30-member groups. The case group attended childbirth preparation classes, whereas the control group received only standard antenatal care. Questionnaires were completed one hour after delivery in postpartum delivery room by the lead researcher with face to face interviews. The Child Attitude Questionnaire (CAQ) was also used. To analyse the data, we used t-test and on way anova, and SPSS 19.

Results: The mean score of the case group was 34.87±9 and that of the control group was 34.43±9.31. Independent t-test showed no significant difference between the two groups.

Conclusion: We recommend that prenatal preparation classes be held to change parous womenchr('39')s attitude towards childbirth.

Parvin Mohebbi, Leiyla Rastegari, Elham Jafari, Mitra Payami Bousaria , Saeideh Mazloomzadeh,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (8-2016)

Background and Objectives: Among significant factors that cause satisfaction of hospitalized patients are the care and respect within confines of the patientchr('39')s rights shown by the health care providers. The present study was carried out to determine the level of respect offered by midwifery Staff at Ayatollah Mousavi Hospital, Zanjan.

Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 256 mothers who gave birth to children at Ayatollah Mousavi hospital, Zanjan, Iran. The subjects were selected randomly. Data was collected using a questionnaire which included demographic characteristics and human territory questions. The questionnaire was distributed two hours after delivery. Data was analyzed using SPSS software, Mann Whitney, Kruskal–Wallis, Spearman rank correlation.

Results: The results showed that mean score of attitude of mothers towards respect of human territory was 32.22±4.79, for the attitude of mothers was 13.35±2.51, and for physical and 18.89±3.25 for mental territory. Generally, majority of the mothers had good attitude toward the respect of physical (67.9%) and mental (77.4%) territory.

Conclusion: Mothers showed good compliance with human territory. Thus, it is recommended in-service training courses be held and barriers be removed for a better compliance with human territory in the health care system.

Arezoo Safaei Nezhad, Leila Rastegari, Roghieh Kharaghani,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (11-2017)

Background: The increased prevalence of cesarean section (C–section) is a global epidemic.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and demographic, fertility, and childbirth-related factors of C–section in Zanjan province, Iran,-Zanjan province in the period sincefrom 21 March 2014 through theto 19 March 2016.
Methods: This study was a descriptive analytic study, carried out in the 2014–2016, which gathered 41, 265 registered childbirth data in Zanjan province hospitals and, from country electronic childbirth register system. Data were analyzed using descriptive, univariate and multivariate logistic binominal regression.
Results: according to the findings, Thethe prevalence of C–section was 40.1%. The odds of having C–section went up raised enhanced with increasing maternal age (OR=1.026), gravidity (OR=0.670), and gestational age (OR=0.093), while it decreased with an increased parity, end educational level up to high school graduate. decreased the odds of having C–section, while  In contrast, higher educational (OR=3.064) level increased the odds of having C–section. Living in the urban areas (OR=1.855) also increased the odds./degrees/rates/amouts of C–section. Diabetes (OR=1.990), preeclampsia or eclampsia  (OR=2.350), hypertension (OR=1.983), and thyroid disorders (OR=2.289) increased the odds of having C–section. Newborns with with low birth weight (OR=1) and macrosomia (OR=2.663), and boys (OR=1.107) were delivered more by via C–section. f Among the interventions during labor, induction (OR=1.131) and stimulation of labor (OR=0.269) reduced the odds of C–section (P<0.05).
Conclusion: C–section rate is very high in Iran and its association with different variables can be a basis for planning and policymaking in order to reduce the C–section rate, particularly in this Zanjan province.
Samaneh Youseflu, Farahnaz Rostami, Majid Yousefi Afrashteh , Zeynab Bayat, Leila Rastegari,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (3-2019)

Background: Postpartum is considered as one of the most vulnerable and stressful periods for women. Changes in physical appearance after pregnancy and childbirth could result in attitudinal changes of women towards their body and subsequently disorders in women’s sexual behavior.
Objectives: Regarding the effect of pregnancy and childbirth on sexual function and the body image of women, this study aims to assess the effect of body image satisfaction on sexual function of Iranian women referring to Health Care Center of Zanjan city after child birth.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 420 mothers who had referred to health care centers affiliated to Zanjan University of Medical Sciences between 2018-19. A checklist including questions about demographic and reproductive information, Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the Multidimensional Body–Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ) were filled up for all of the participants. The data were analyzed by SPSS 16 software through using the Pearson correlation coefficient.
Results: A positive relationship was observed between body image satisfaction and sexual function (SF) of women (r=0.23, p<0.001). The participating women’s BMI (r=0.27, p<0.001), marriage duration (r=0.11, p<0.05) and their age (r=0.28, p<0.001) were associated with their body image satisfaction. The levels of body image satisfaction showed significant difference between women with and without sexual dysfunction (p=0.008).
Conclusion: Women experience changes in SF and body image during the postpartum period. Changes in women’s SF can leave negative impact on women’s family relationship. Therefore, in that period, women need breastfeeding and nutritional support as well as psychosocial support with regards to their body image. As a strategy, health care providers are recommended to pay more attention to women’s mental and sexual issues while offering postpartum routine checks.

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