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Loghman Ebrahimi, Maryam Mohamadlou,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (9-2019)

Background: The World Health Organization has declared domestic violence against women as an important health priority.
Objectives: This study  aimed to identify the psychological, familial, and social consequences of domestic violence against women who referred to health centers in Zanjan province.
Methods: The present study was conducted using a qualitative approach and the grounded theory method. In addition, the purposeful sampling technique was performed among married women who were subjected to violence and referred to the health centers of Zanjan province in 2019. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and analyzed by thematic analysis.
Results: Domestic violence against women in different dimensions including emotional problems, biological problems and psychological trauma, emotional divorce, children’s problems, economic violence, verbal and physical violence, the lack of support, social rejection, and social incompatibility had devastating effects on the psychological, family, and social status of women.
Conclusion: Considering the destructive effects of domestic violence against women, taking serious measures is necessary regarding preventing and reducing these consequences through psychological interventions, educational programs, and counseling for families exposed to violence. Finally, pre-marital workshops should further be provided for young couples by relevant institutions.
Loghman Ebrahimi, Maryam Mohamadlou ,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (9-2019)

Background: The spread and growth of divorce is in critical level in the country and health of family, as the cornerstone of future health of society, is exposed to problems.
Objectives: This study tries to investigate the role of relationship beliefs and cognitive insight in quality of marital relationship of divorced women.
Methods: This is a descriptive-correlational study and the participants chosen based on convenience sampling included 80 divorced women who referred to the Social Emergency Center of the Welfare Organization of Zanjan in the final nine months of 2017. The instruments were the Golombok Rust Inventory of Marital State (GRIMS), the Relationship Belief Inventory (RBI) of Epstein and Eidelson and the Beck Cognitive Insight Scale (BCIS). To analyze the data, the Pearson correlation coefficient and regression analysis were used.
Results: Results indicated negative and significant relation between relationship beliefs and cognitive insight and the quality of marital relationship of divorced women. The results of regression analysis also indicated that the components of relationship beliefs and cognitive insight both define 51% of the variance of the quality of marital relationship.
Conclusion: Results of this research showed importance of taking preventive and medication measures within framework of the educational and counseling programs with respect to the cognitive variables, especially relationship beliefs and cognitive insight.
Loghman Ebrahimi, Yalda Rostami, Maryam Mohamadlou,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (11-2019)

Background: Due to the increasing number of divorces and their irreparable consequences, divorced women are at increasing risk of these problems.
Objectives: The present study aimed to analyze the mediating role of internalizing problems on the relationship between emotional well-being and externalizing problems of divorced women in Zanjan.
Methods: The method in this research was descriptive correlation carried out through survey method. The statistical population was all divorced women in Zanjan that 200 people were selected through convenience sampling. Questionnaires of anxiety-depression-stress scale (DASS-21), emotional well-being (Keys and Magyar-Mae, 2003), and AGQ aggression as well as and Fisher divorce adjustment scale (1976) were applied to collect data. Structural equation modeling test and EMUs software were used to analyze the data.
Results: The research findings indicated that there is a significant relationship, which is in reverse and decreasing, between emotional well-being and externalizing problems (aggression) and internalizing problems. There is a significant relationship, which is direct and increasing, between emotional well-being and externalizing problems (post-divorce adjustment) and internalizing problems (depression, anxiety and stress) with externalizing (aggression) problems of divorced women. There is also a significant relationship between internalizing problems and externalizing problems (post-divorce adjustment) in reverse and decreasing, and the variable of internalizing problems is a mediating variable in the relationship between emotional well-being and externalizing problems.
Conclusion: Based on the findings of the present study, with increase in emotional well-being, internalizing and externalizing (aggression) problems decrease and post-divorce adjustment increases in women. Accordingly, responsible institutions are required to take the needed measures in the form of training workshops and psychological services to recover and improve emotional well-being among these people.

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