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Showing 5 results for Hosseini

Ahad Alizade, Akbar Mohammadi , Hadi Hosseini, Mohammad Khadmloo,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (2-2014)

Background and Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the viewpoints of medical and nursing students on development of telemedicine procedures at Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Ninety medical students and 55 nursing students were selected using stratified random sampling in the first semester of 2011-2012. The studentschr('39') viewpoints on creation and development of telemedicine were measured using a questionnaire. The questionnaire included demographic section, and the studentschr('39') viewpoints on telemedicine and different telemedicine tools. The reliability of the questionnaire was assessed using the Cronbachchr('39')s alpha coefficient. Statistical tests were used to analyze the data including the t-test and ANOVA for quantitative variables and Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis and Chi-squared tests for qualitative variables. Results: There were significant relationships between information literacy and organizational factors with gender (P≤0.001). There were also significant relationships between the stakeholderschr('39') factors with gender and family location (P≤0.001). There were significant differences between the medical and nursing studentschr('39') viewpoints on the factor of stakeholders (p=0.029). Conclusion: Medical and nursing studentschr('39') viewpoints were similar except for the stakeholders factor. Community and family support for development of telemedicine tended to develop differences in the viewpoints of the students

Mohammad Farajzadeh, Meimanat Hosseini, Fayegh Yousefi, Hamideh Hajnasiri, Jamileh Salavati,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (8-2016)

Background and Objectives: Difficult intubation is one of the challenges for patients undergoing anesthesia that leads to severe complications and death. Obstructive sleep apnea is one of the factors that may be associated with difficult intubation. The present study was carried out to investigate the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea and difficult intubation in the elderly.

Materials and Methods: This cross- sectional study was conducted in 2015 from February to June on 175 elderly patients using convenience sampling method. In order to gather data Demographic form, Berlin questionnaire and Comark-Lehane Index were used. Data were analyzed by SPSS (version 18) Statistical software and Kolmogorov-Smirnov, independent t-test, Mann-Whitney-u, chi-square tests and Logistic Regression.

Results: The mean age and SD of samples were 69.9±9.3 years. There were 18 (26.9%) people with difficult intubation and 10 (9.3%) people with normal intubation at high risk of sleep apnea. The results of this study showed that there was a significant relationship between sleep apnea and difficult intubation, and the risk of sleep apnea in the elderly with difficult intubation was 3.6 times of those with normal intubation (p=0.002, OR=3.6, CI 95%= 1.5-8.9).

Conclusion: There is a relationship between obstructive sleep apnea and difficult intubation in the elderly. Therefore, a screening procedure to identify the elderly at high risk of sleep apnea that are candidate for anesthesia seems to be necessary.

Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Zohreh Shahhosseini, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Razieh Rezaeekalantari, Maryam Hajizade-Valokolaee,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (10-2018)

Background: Postpartum is a significant transition period for women and could be markedly stressful.
Objectives: Postpartum stress is a well-established risk factor for poor parenting practices and inadequate mother-infant interaction. The present study aimed to assess adaptation to motherhood and its influential factors in the first year postpartum in Iranian women.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in an urban area in the north of Iran. Inclusion criteria were age of more than 18 years, primiparous women, having healthy children in less than one year postpartum, Persian literacy, and willingness to participate in the research. Ill and disabled women, those with a history of depression, and high-risk pregnancies were excluded from the study. Convenience sampling was employed in seven health centers, and 536 subjects were selected. Data were collected using the scale of the experiences of Iranian first-time mothers in maternal role adaptation and demographic questionnaires. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics and regression and ordinal logistic regression.
Results: None of the women had poor adaptation to motherhood. In addition, 2.6% of the subjects had average adaptation, 78.8% had good adaptation, and 18.6% had excellent adaptation. According to the logistic regression results, favorable economic status increased the possibility of appropriate adaptation by twice (OR=2.03; CI: 1.3-3.004; P<0.001).
Conclusion: Provision of proper counseling services requires the recognition of the influential factors in adaptation to motherhood. According to the results, adaption of women to motherhood in the first year postpartum largely depends on the economic support of the mother and infant.
Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Zohreh Shahhosseini, Mina Malari, Mehdi Pourasghar, Jamshid Yazdani Charati, Malihe Amerian, Zahra Amirkhanzadeh Barandouzi,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (6-2018)

Background: Physiological and psychological impacts of pregnancy may relate to anxiety symptoms in nulliparous women. An effective communication between couples can have protective effects against anxiety in this period.
Objectives: The present study intended to assess the relationship between communication skills and the anxiety during pregnancy in nulliparous women.
Methods: This study adhered to a descriptive cross-sectional design. In this study, 100 nulliparous women of 18 to 40 years old were selected through a two-stage cluster sampling in Health Centers of Sari, Iran (2014-2015). We used the Spielbergerchr('39')s questionnaire to measure pregnancy anxiety and Queendomchr('39')s questionnaire to assess coupleschr('39') communication skills. Statistical-descriptive methods and Pearson correlation coefficient were used to analyze the data.
Results: The mean age of the women participating in the study was 27.15±4.69. The results showed that there was a negative significant correlation between communication skills and state (r=-0.45, p<0.01) and trait anxiety (r=-0.51, p<0.01). However, there was no significant relationship between one of the subscales of communication skills (assertiveness) and state and trait anxiety.
Conclusion: This study indicated a negative correlation between communication skills and pregnancy anxiety. Strong communication skills could diminish pregnancy anxiety and eventually lead to higher psychological health.
Arghavan Esmaeili, Parvaneh Khorasani, Masoud Bahrami, Habibollah Hosseini,
Volume 10, Issue 2 (8-2020)

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common and age-related cancers worldwide.
Objectives: The present study aimed to determine the recurrence, severity, distress, and clustering of symptoms in the elderly with colorectal cancer in the selected hospitals in Isfahan from 2018 to 2019.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted over a period of six months on 300 patients with colorectal cancer in selected hospitals in Isfahan. Data collection tools were contextual questionnaires and symptom recall scale (MSAS). To determine the correlation matrix between symptoms (clusters), a heuristic analysis factor was used in terms of mean recurrence, severity, and distress of symptoms in research units through PCA heuristic analytical method in SPSS 16.
Results: The most common symptoms in terms of recurrence were dry mouth (32.92%) and numbness and frisson (24.55%). The most common symptoms in terms of recurrence were dry mouth (80.33%) and nausea (86%); the most common symptoms in terms of severity were dry mouth (41%) and nausea (29.8%). The most common signs of distress were "I do not look like myself" (6) and dry mouth (35.3%). Finally, five clusters were obtained, including systemic, psychiatric, cardiovascular, mucosal, and gastrointestinal symptoms.
Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that psychological symptoms had a higher percentage of recurrence, severity, and distress in CRC patients than physical symptoms.

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