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Showing 8 results for Fallah

Mohammadali Aslani, Nasrin Hanifi, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Ramazan Fallah,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (9-2015)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: Aspiration is a serious complication that occurs due to delayed gastric emptying in mechanically ventilated patients. Aspiration results in increased rate of pneumonia and death. Acupressure can increase gastric motility and prevent aspiration. This study aimed to determine the effect of acupressure on occurrence of gastric content aspiration in mechanically ventilated patients hospitalized in intensive care units. Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 78 patients hospitalized in the intensive care units of educational hospitals of Zanjan were recruited using convenience sampling method during 2012-2013. Patients were randomly allocated into two intervention and control groups. In the intervention group, acupressure wristbands were placed on the Neiguan point of both hands of the patients for four days. Aspiration was measured and compared using glucose and PH strips on the second and fourth days in both groups. Data were analyzed using the independent T-test, Mann-Whitney, Chi-squared test, Mantel-Haenszel and logistic regression in the SPSS-16. Results: The aspiration, totally and in the fourth day, was lower in the intervention group in compare with the control group however the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant. Conclusion: Acupressure is an easy-to-use and harmless method to relatively decrease aspiration among the patients. It can be considered as a complementary treatment in decreasing aspiration among patients hospitalized in the intensive care units.


Hamideh Azimi, Leili Yekkehfallah, Azam Ghorbani,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (9-2015)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: Diabetes, as a chronic disease, needs self-management efforts. It is shown that having a regular exercise can lead to an increase in quality of life among patients with chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of yoga exercise with walking on quality of life among patients with type 2 diabetes. Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 60 patients with type 2 diabetes aged 30-55 years. The participants were randomly assigned into three: yoga, walking and control groups. Patients in the yoga and walking groups, had 45-minutes daily exercise for four weeks. Data were gathered using the SF-36 quality of life questionnaire and were analyzed using the one-way ANOVA in the SPSS-16. Results: There were significant differences between the yoga and control groups after the intervention in terms of physical function, physical role, general health, vitality living, social function, mental role and mental health of the quality of life dimensions (P<0/05). There were significant differences between walking and control groups after the intervention in terms of physical function, physical role, general health, vitality living, mental role and mental health of the quality of life dimensions (P<0/05). Repeated measure ANOVA showed significant differences in terms of physical function, physical role, general health, vitality living, mental role and mental health of the quality of life dimensions in the three groups (P<0/05). Conclusion: According to the results of or study, yoga exercise was more effective in improving general health dimension of the quality of life.
Ramazan Fallah, Alireza Shoghli, Asghar Marzban, Mansor Sadeghzadeh, Nima Motamed,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (3-2017)
Abstract

Background: Low birth weight is one of the key indicators to assess the health of infants, and appropriate birth weight is one of the most important goals of any health system which also reflects the quality of prenatal care.

Objectives: The present research aimed to study some of the factors associated with low birth weight using quantile regression analysis.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 621 infants born weighing less than 2500 grams in the period 2012-2013. The data were collected from the medical records of infants in health care centers of Zanjan Province which were selected based on multi-stage cluster sampling. The obtained data were statistically analyzed using quantile and multiple regression analysis in SAS-9.2.

Results: In this study, 320 infants (51.5%) were female, and the mean age of mothers and the mean weight of infants were 27.1±5.8 years and 2236±299 grams, respectively. The results showed that low birth weight is significantly related to age, educational attainment, and the number of children. In addition, there was a significant relationship between infant weight and maternal age only in the tenth percentile (P=0.007), while such a relationship was not found in the higher percentiles (50 and 90) (P=0.0, 953.585).

Conclusion: Some of the demographics of mothers such as educational attainment and gestational age were influential in the low birth weight of infants. Maternal age and birth weight were not statistically significant in all areas.


Sassan Rajabi, Mojgan Sadat Aghvamy, Nasrin Bahraminejad, Ramezan Fallah,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (12-2018)
Abstract

Background: Today, asthma is one of the most prevalent chronic respiratory diseases, involving a large number of people and communities. Research show that the disease overshadows the social, psychological and even economic life and performance of the patients.
Objectives: This study was conducted in Zanjan Province hospitals with the purpose of comparing the life style and quality of life asthma patients with healthy people.
Methods: This study is descriptive-comparative in nature, focusing on two groups of individuals (healthy people and those suffering from asthma) using convenience sampling method to serve the goals of the study. The instruments used for collection of data were the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) questionnaire and the Life Style Questionnaire (LSQ). The data were analyzed using the SPSS software version 16.
Results: The demographic data relating to both groups (n=50 for each group) did not show any difference of statistically significant. The mean scores of the life style of the healthy people and the asthma patients were 149.34 and 136.48, respectively (p<0.05). Furthermore, the mean scores of the Quality of Life (QOL) of healthy people and asthmatics were 36.260 and 29.205, respectively (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The life style and QOL of asthma patients are deteriorated to a large extent. Therefore, it is recommended that educational interventions to improve the life style and QOL of patients included in their care plan
Fatemeh Ghasemi, Nasrin Bahraminejad, Masoumeh Namadian, Ramezan Fallah,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (12-2018)
Abstract

Background: Womenchr('39')s lifestyle affects their health and having a healthy lifestyle reduces the risk of developing non-communicable diseases. Evidence suggests that disadvantaged women are more subject to the risk of non- communicable diseases such as type 2 diabetes.
Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the lifestyle of disadvantaged women at the risk of type 2 diabetes under the support of social welfare center of Zanjan city in 2018.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 287 women aged 65-35 and under the support of social welfare centers of Zanjan who were selected by Poisson random sampling. Data collection tools included a three-part questionnaire including demographic and background characteristics, an international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ), and a Mini Nutrition Assessment questionnaire (MNA), filled out by a researcher at the social welfare center. Data were analyzed using descriptive-analytic statistical tests (mean index, standard deviation and one-factor analysis of variance, Kolmogorov-Smirnov) by applying SPSS software version 24.
Results: The minimum and maximum age of women were 35 and 61 years, respectively, with a mean of 41.6(±9). The minimum and maximum body mass indexes were 16.2 and 42, respectively, with a mean of 26.1±4.3. In terms of education, the majority of women (42%) had Quranic-elementary education and concerning the income, 76% had insufficient income. As to the marital status, the majority of participants (69%) were widowed or divorced. According to the quantitative criterion of physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ), more than half of the women (60%) had low to moderate physical activity and according to the quality criterion of WHO physical activity, 89% of women had unfavorable physical activity. In terms of nutritional status, more than half of the women (50.5%) had poor nutrition.
Conclusion: The findings of the study indicated that the majority of women were undesirable in terms of physical activity and healthy nutrition. Therefore, interventional research is needed to find appropriate educational models to improve diabetes preventive behaviors in this population group.
Zahra Fallah Nezhad, Marzieh Ziaeirad,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (12-2018)
Abstract

Background: The quality of working life depends on the working conditions of the staff, and the decline in the quality of nurseschr('39') working life leads to a decline in the delivery of clinical services.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between qualities of working life and critical thinking in nurses.
Methods: The present study is descriptive-correlational that was conducted on 123 nurses working in Milad Hospital in Isfahan. The data collection tools included demographic information questionnaire, Nursing Critical Thinking in Clinical Practice Questionnaire, and Quality of Nursing Work Life Scale. Data collection was carried out during December, 2018. The data were analyzed in SPSS software version 23 using descriptive statistics including mean, standard deviation, and frequency as well as analytical statistics including Pearson correlation coefficient.
Results: According to the results, a majority of the participants in the present study were females (52%). The score of nurseschr('39') critical thinking was found to be 319.76. The total average of nurseschr('39') quality of working life was reported as 138.70. Based on these results, there was no significant relationship between quality of working life and critical thinking in nurses.
Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that the critical thinking of nurses is good, and the quality of working life is moderate. There was also no relationship between critical thinking and quality of working life
Vahideh Rashtchi, Mostafa Soleymani, Korosh Amini, Ramazan Fallah,
Volume 9, Issue 4 (1-2020)
Abstract

Background: There are not many studies on relationship between teamwork in pre-hospital Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and the relationship between teamwork and its consequences is complicated.
Objectives: Therefore, the goal of this research is studying the degree of teamwork and its relationship with job and demographic factors of the Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) in Zanjan Province.
Methods: This cross-sectional study focused on the correlation between inclination to teamwork and the demographic features of the EMTs, using a researcher-made demographic and job features instrument and Patterson’s EMT-Teamwork scale. The data were analyzed through the SPSS. 16 software, and p<0.05 level of significance was adopted. The ethical code of IR.ZUMS.REC.1398.243 for this research was obtained from Zanjan University of Medical Sciences.
Results: This cross-sectional study showed mean score of confrontation with teamwork to be 58.44± 17.25 and the highest score belonged to Interpersonal Conflict (IC). Furthermore, the mean score of inclination to teamwork was 63.71± 11.08 and the highest score in this respect belonged to the partner adaptability and leadership. The linear regression analysis also showed that total teamwork score was statistically significant with respect to the number of missions, workplace and the working environment.
Conclusion: The teamwork score of the Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) in Zanjan was acceptable and total teamwork score was statistically significant with respect to number of missions, workplace and working environment of the Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) in Zanjan Province.
Vahideh Rashtchi, Saeed Ahmadi, Nasrin Hanifi, Ramazan Fallah,
Volume 10, Issue 2 (8-2020)
Abstract

Background: The challenges of health systems emphasize the need for more motivated employees to perform better and more effectively. Therefore, pervasive attention to job satisfaction of these employees is a matter of course.
Objectives: The present study aimed at investigating factors affecting job satisfaction in emergency medical services (EMS) staff of Zanjan Province, Iran, in 2019.
Methods: The present descriptive-correlational study was performed on 170 EMS personnel working in the Disaster and Emergency Medical Management Center (DEMMC) of Zanjan Province. The stratified random sampling method was utilized to select the subjects. Job description index and GHQ-12 were administered as data collection instruments. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 16 using descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient.
Results: In the present study, the work experience of 46.5% and 26% of the subjects was less than five and more than 10 years, respectively. The highest and lowest scores of job satisfaction belonged to coworkers and pay subscales, respectively (24.4±17 vs. 11.5±18.4). The overall job satisfaction score of the subjects was 19.7±18.2 out of 100. Also, a significant relationship was found between the level of education and overall satisfaction.
Conclusion: Considering the low level of job satisfaction in EMS staff, it seems that modifying the reward mechanisms in the prehospital emergency department and using performance improvement levers can enhance the motivation and improve the performance of staff. Besides, strive to promote social relations among coworkers as an effective element may help to enhance job satisfaction and the overall satisfaction of personnel.

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