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Showing 10 results for Faghihzadeh

Miss Malihe Nasiri, Dr Soghrat Faghihzadeh, Dr Hamid Alavi Majd, Ms Noorosadat Kariman, Miss Nastaran Safavi,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (3-2015)

Background and Objectives: Preeclampsia is the third leading cause of death in pregnant women. This study was conducted to evaluate the ability of longitudinal hematocrit data to predict preeclampsia and to compare the accuracy in longitudinal and cross-sectional data. Materials and Methods: In a prospective cohort study from October 2010 to July 2011, 650 pregnant women referred to the prenatal clinic of Milad hospital in Tehran were selected. The hematocrit level was measured in the first, second and third trimester of pregnancy and the participants were followed-up to delivery. The preeclampsia cases were recorded. The Covariance pattern and linear mixed effects models were applied for discriminant analysis of the longitudinal data. Statistical analyses were performed in the SPSS-20 and SAS-9.1. Results: The prevalence rate of preeclampsia was 7.2% (47 out of 650 women). The women with preeclampsia had a higher meanhematocrit values (difference=0.99 P=0.014). The sensitivities for longitudinal data and cross-sectional data in three trimesters were 91%, 54%, 72%, 51% and the specificities were 61%, 51%, 51%, and 47%, respectively. The positive predictive values were 70%, 52%, 59%, 49% and the negative predictive values were 87%, 53%, 64%, and 49%, respectively. Conclusion: The levels of hematocrit can be used to predict preeclampsia and to monitor the pregnant women. Measuring the hematocrit during the three trimesters regularly can help to identify women at risk for preeclampsia.

Masoomeh Najafzadeh, Kourosh Amini, Soghrat Faghihzadeh, Hamidreza Monsef Esfahani,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (2-2016)

Background and Objectives: Several studies have shown that nurses working in the ICUs experience high levels of anxiety. Anxiety can not only negatively affect them, but may decrease the quality of care provided by them. The present study aimed to assess the effect of Valerian on anxiety among nurses working in the ICUs of Zanjan teaching hospitals.

Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial, nurses working in morning and evening shifts were recruited to the study. A dose of 530 mg Herbal Sedamin capsules containing dried roots of Valeriana Officinallis were consumed by the nurses in the intervention group twice a day for one week. The control group received placebo. The Speilbergerchr('39')s State-Trait anxiety inventory was completed by the nurses at baseline and after the intervention. The independent t-test and paired t-test were used to analyse data.

Results: After the intervention in two groups (Valerian and Placebo), the trait and state anxiety scores were significantly lower than before of the intervention. But there were no significant differences in the trait and state anxiety scores of the questionnaire between the experimental group and control groups after the intervention (P=0.846).

Conclusion: It seems that the special and different nature of the ICUs has hampered the effectiveness of this herbal medicine. Further studies with higher doses, or in other settings is suggested.

Masoumeh Masoumi, Nasrin Hanifi, Mohammadreza Jamshidi, Soghrat Faghihzadeh,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (6-2016)

Background and Objectives: Oral care is a fundamental activity in nursing care. Providing oral care for ill patients, who are not able to keep their oral care, would provide comfort for patients and prevented them from oral lesions. This study was conducted to compare of the effect of Ozone water with Chlorhexidine in prevention of oral lesions in patients in critical care units.

Materials and Methods: This randomized controlled trial was carried out on 74 patients under mechanical ventilation in intensive care unit of Mousavi hospital in Zanjan. The participants were selected preliminary using convenience sampling, and then allocated randomly to two groups of intervention (n=39) and control (n=35) groups. Data was collected using the Beck Oral Assessment Scale (BOAS) scale. The data were analyzed using univariate statistical analysis (independent t statistical tests, Fisherchr('39')s exact test, and Cochran Q (in SPSS16.

Results: The results of the study showed that the mean score of oral lesions according to BOAS in intervention group was almost the same as control groups by the third day of intervention. However, the mean score of oral lesions in the intervention group was reduced statistically compared to control group (P=0/013) on the fourth day.

Conclusion: The results of the current study revealed that Ozone water is more effective than chlorhexodone in prevention of oral lesions.

Azam Maleki, Soghrat Faghihzadeh,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (6-2016)

Background and Objectives: Menchr('39')s participation in family care programs is one of the important strategies in maternal and child health care. The present study aimed to evaluate the fatherschr('39') function after the transition to fatherhood stage and its related factors.

Materials and Methods: The study was a cross-sectional design that conducted in Zanjan between 2012-2013. The function of 403fatherswere investigated whose wives had delivered in last 8 weeks. The samples were selected randomly, and the data was collected using the Inventory of Functional Status- Father (IFS-F) scale, which in the fatherschr('39') function were categorized according to the median cut-off point. The content validity and reliability of the scale was approved using Content Validity Ratio (CVR=0.89) and Cronbach’s Alpha in the function of the components were 0.52- 0.90, respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and kruskal-Wallis H test (Acceptable P value<0.05).

Results: The highest and lowest mean score of fatherschr('39') function belonged to the job and social dimensions, respectively. There was an increased level of fatherschr('39') participation in home activities (23.2%), and taking care of the other children (30.4%) compared to pregnancy period. The fatherschr('39') function dropped by 7% and 27.6% in their job and social activity dimensions, respectively. A significant association was found between the mean score of fatherschr('39') function and the marriage age, the number of children, educational level, and the time of first fatherhood experience.

Conclusion: Moderate fatherschr('39') function in most of the fatherhood dimensions was remarked in the current study. Given that the importance of the menchr('39')s participation in maternal and child health care, and influencing of the demographic characteristics on this process, it is recommended that the fathers, and young fathers with low education level particularly, to be attended fatherhood preparations courses.

Khalil Yosefi, Mohammadreza Dinmohammadi, Mahdi Moosaeifard, Soghrat Faghihzadeh,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (10-2017)

Background: Dialysis adequacy is one of the most important factors in determining the survival rate and mortality of dialysis patients.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the dialysis adequacy of patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis at dialysis centers located in the province of Zanjan, located in northwest Iran.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on 257 patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis with an available sampling method in 6 dialysis centers in the province of Zanjan. The hemodialysis sessions were performed for 3 to 4 hours using via synthetic filters and bicarbonate dialysate. To determine the adequacy of dialysis, serum BUN levels were assessed before and after dialysis. The standard software provided by the Ministry of Health was used to calculate the adequacy of dialysis and Kt/V was considered to be at least 1.2.
Results: The most common underlying causes of chronic dialysis were hypertension (41.2%) and diabetes mellitus (35.8%), respectively. Mean Kt/V and URR were 1.26±0.34 and 63.55±9.5%, respectively. The difference among these indexes was significant between men and women (p<0.05). Also, dialysis adequacy was significantly associated with increased dialysis frequency, blood flow rate, interdialytic weight gain, vascular access and dialysis shift (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Despite the relatively favorable dialysis adequacy among patients, this index is highly variable based on patient gender, the dialysis center, location, frequency of dialysis, blood flow rate, interdialytic weight gain, type of vascular access and dialysis shift. Therefore, serious attention and greater caution are recommended among the dialysis centers of the province

Mina Esmkhani, Roghiieh Kharaghani, Effat Merghaty Khoe, Soghrat Faghihzadeh, Elham Shakibazadeh,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (11-2017)

Background: Sexual relationships of women with breast cancer are affected by diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess sexual function and sexual behavior in women with breast cancer having sexual distress in Zanjan in 2015-2016.
Methods: This cross sectional study was part of a larger study, which was performed on 75 women with breast cancer in the oncology clinic of Valiasr hospital and Mehraneh charity clinic. Sampling was based on a purposeful approach. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, Sexual Function Questionnaire (FSFI), and indigenous sexual behavior questionnaire in women of reproductive age (SBQ). Data were analyzed using the Chi-squared and Spearman-Pearson tests.
Results: A majority of the women (77.3%) had an undesirable sexual function and orgasm dysfunction (65.3%). Besides, it was found that the majority of women had low to moderate sexual behavior. The correlational analyses related to sexual function and sexual behavior and their sub-scales showed that there was only a significant positive relationship between the sexual capacity subscale and the total sexual function scale (P<0.005).
Conclusion: Women with breast cancer had sexual dysfunction and behavior. Designing and implementing related counseling programs may help to reduce sexual distress, improve sexual function and marital satisfaction, and enhance the quality of life of affected women.
Somayeh Farajpour Pirbasty, Nasrin Jafari, Kourosh Amini, Soghrat Faghihzadeh,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (10-2018)

Background: Virtual social networks are the most important communication tools in the modern era, which have gained remarkable popularity in various communities. The use of social networks by different age groups has been on the rise, especially among adolescents.
Objectives: The present study aimed to assess adaptation to motherhood and its influential factors in the first year postpartum in Iranian women.
Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted on 180 students aged 16-18 years during 2016-2017. The research samples were selected by multi-stage method. Data were collected using demographic questionnaires and a researcher-made questionnaire to assess the rate and mode of using social networks. Data analysis was performed in SPSS version 16 using descriptive statistics.
Results: In total, 77.8% of the adolescents were registered in various social networks, and the majority were the users of Telegram (75.6%). Moreover, 58.9% of the participants had been using virtual social networks for more than 12 months, and 19.4% used the networks for more than four hours per day for non-educational purposes. On the other hand, 47.2% of the students used social networks for educational purposes for less than one hour.
Conclusion: According to the results, adolescents frequently used virtual social networks, especially for non-educational purposes. Therefore, it is recommended that various scientific channels and networks with greater magnetism be designed for entertaining adolescents.
Shabnam Asgari, Mahin Roohani, Kourosh Amini, Soghrat Faghihzadeh,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (9-2018)

Background: One of the psychological complications of heart failure is anxiety, especially death anxiety, which leads to poor quality of life in patients and impaired prognosis of the disease.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to Investigating Death Anxiety and its Relationship with Some Demographic Variables in Patients with Heart Failure investigate death anxiety level and its association with some demographic variables in patients with heart failure.
Methods: It was a descriptive-analytical study conducted on 80 patients with heart failure referring to Valiasr Hospital and Ayatollah Mousavi Zanjan between March 2018 and August 2018. A three-prat questionnaire was used to collect data: 1. Demographic characteristics, 2. Templer death anxiety scale 3. Beck anxiety scale (to determine patientschr('39') baseline anxiety). For analyzing the data, descriptive statistics and ANCOVA were used in SPSS v.22 software.
Results: The age range of the patients was between 27 and 98 years, with the highest age group (65 years) with 83.8%. Fifty-two percent of the sample were female (n=42) and 47% were male (n=38). Seventy two point five percent were married, 61% were illiterate, 40% were unemployed and 55% reported poor financial status. The mean score of death anxiety in heart failure patients was 47.95. The highest score of death anxiety in these patients was 61 (1.3%) and the lowest score was 30 (1.3%). More than 90% of patients had moderate (82/5%) and severe (11/25%) death anxiety. The results of ANCOVA showed that the relationship between death anxiety level and employment status variable (P<0.04) was significant.
Conclusion: The results of this study indicated a high death anxiety among the majority of studied population which can be due to lack of adequate training in coping with death anxiety in patients with heart failure. Accordingly, it is suggested that more attention should be paid to mental health authorities in order to improve the mental health of these populations in this area.

Kourosh Amini, Sahar Dehghani, Soudabeh Niroomand, Masomeh Hasanlo, Daryoush Amini, Soghrat Faghihzadeh,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (9-2018)

Background: Considering the increasing prevalence of psychological problems, complications, and consequences of depression in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD), the application of complementary therapies such as meditation counseling is highly important.
Objectives: Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect of meditation on depression in patients undergoing HD.
Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 57 patients who met the inclusion criteria by the convenience sampling method. The participants were randomly allocated to intervention and control groups. Those in the intervention group attended three 15-20 minute educational practice sessions weekly offered over an eight-week period while the control group received no intervention. A validated questionnaire assessed depressive symptoms at baseline and after 4 and 8 weeks. In addition, the CONSORT statement was adhered to where possible. Finally, t-test, repeated-measures ANOVA, Fisher’s exact test, and Chi-square tests were used to analyze data using SPSS 16.
Results: The mean depression score among the patients of the intervention group decreased from 85±1.56 at baseline to 70±1.27 at 8-week follow-up (P=0.003). Further, the mean score of depressive symptoms significantly decreased during eight weeks after the intervention (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Simple and non-expensive meditation exercises could fruitfully decrease depression symptoms in patients undergoing HD. The prevalence of depressive symptoms is high among the patients, therefore, the implementation of meditation exercises should help minimize a major problem in these groups of patients.
Azam Maleki, Sayeh Sadat Moosavi Sahebalzamani, Soghrat Faghihzadeh, Mansoreh Sepehrinia,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (6-2019)

Background: Application of technology for education accounts for an important aspect of expansion of the information technology in the present century.
Objectives: This study aims to examine the degree of readiness of the faculty member of Zanjan University of Medical Sciences for e-Teaching.
Methods: This descriptive-cross-sectional study focused on the degree of readiness of 70 faculty member of Zanjan University of Medical Sciences in 2014. It followed the simple randomized sampling method. The readiness of faculty member was assessed from five dimensions, including organizational support, perceived value, and time commitment, working skill, access to computer, internet and attitude towards e-Teaching, using a standard questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics indices, Pearson correlation coefficient and Logistic Regression Model at 95% confidence interval.
Results: The university faculty member were in adequate level of readiness in terms of organizational support (46.4%), positive attitude towards e-Teaching (49.3%); the skill of work with computer (49.3%), time commitment (44.9%), access to computer (49.3%) and positive perceived value (45.6%). The predictive variables of the university faculty member’ readiness were appropriate in terms of organizational support, access to computer and in term of, perceived value, age and gender of the university faculty member in term of, perceived time obligation, skill in work with computer and organizational support.
Conclusion: The results showed that readiness of the the faculty member of Zanjan University of Medical Sciences for e-Teaching was in a relatively appropriate level. Expanson of the technological infrastructure, holding empowerment workshops in order for improvement of the required skill and changing attitude of the university faculty member for e-Teaching are suggested

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