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Showing 5 results for Bahrami

Meysam Nematikhah, Nasrin Bahraminejad, Soghrat Faghihzade, Nematollah Soleyman Nejad,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (6-2016)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: Improving nurses’ adherance with nursing standard catheter care is needed to enhance the quality of central venous catheters care. This study aimed to compare the effect of collaborative teaching method and lecture method on nursesing care of Central venous catheters.

Materials and Methods: This quasi- experimental pretest-post test design study was conducted on 46 nurses working in intensive care units of two educational hospitals. The participants were allocated non-randomly to the intervention (n=28) and the control group (n=18). The intervention group were received a collaborative-based training program for the period of one month, and control group were received the routine teaching method (provision of a seminar). Before intervention three focus group discussions were conducted for the intervention group to incorporate their views of the teaching methods, type of their participation, in the collaborative-based training program. Data was collected before and three months after intervention using an observational checklist.

Results: The results showed that nurseschr('39') performance score of Central venous catheters care in collaborative-based training program group was significantly higher than control group (p<0.001). There was no significant difference in nurseschr('39') performance score between intervention and control groups before conducting the intervention.

Conclusion: The results of the current study suggest that collaborative-based training program is more effective than lecture method in improving nurses’ performance of Central venous catheter care.


Maryam Zaeimi, Farhad Ramazani-Badr, Mohsen Bahrami,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (3-2017)
Abstract

Background: Underlying diseases and aggressive procedures, such as different types of surgery and care, for patients with critical conditions in intensive care units (ICU) may be associated with physiological disorders.

Objectives: This study intended to determine the effect of therapeutic touch on physiological variables of patients undergoing mechanical ventilation in ICU.

Methods: This randomized clinical trial with a control group was conducted on 60 mechanically ventilated patients hospitalized in internal and adult intensive care units of educational hospitals of Zanjan University of Medical Sciences from 22 November 2014 to 22 June 2015. Patients were randomly divided into the intervention and placebo groups. Therapeutic touch was administered in four sessions. Physiological variables, such as Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP), Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP), Mean Arterial

Pressure (MAP), and Heart Rate (HR) were recorded in both groups before and after each therapeutic touch session. Data was analyzed using SPSS 21.

Results: The results from comparison of physiological variables in the intervention group before each session showed a significant reduction only in heart rate (p<0.001). Moreover, results from comparison of physiological variables in the intervention group after therapeutic sessions showed significant differences in SBP (p=0.025), MBP (p=0.033), and HR (p=0.002).

Conclusion: It seems that therapeutic touch can result in a greater stability of some physiological variables of mechanically ventilated patients, if it is administered frequently for long term.


Sassan Rajabi, Mojgan Sadat Aghvamy, Nasrin Bahraminejad, Ramezan Fallah,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (12-2018)
Abstract

Background: Today, asthma is one of the most prevalent chronic respiratory diseases, involving a large number of people and communities. Research show that the disease overshadows the social, psychological and even economic life and performance of the patients.
Objectives: This study was conducted in Zanjan Province hospitals with the purpose of comparing the life style and quality of life asthma patients with healthy people.
Methods: This study is descriptive-comparative in nature, focusing on two groups of individuals (healthy people and those suffering from asthma) using convenience sampling method to serve the goals of the study. The instruments used for collection of data were the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) questionnaire and the Life Style Questionnaire (LSQ). The data were analyzed using the SPSS software version 16.
Results: The demographic data relating to both groups (n=50 for each group) did not show any difference of statistically significant. The mean scores of the life style of the healthy people and the asthma patients were 149.34 and 136.48, respectively (p<0.05). Furthermore, the mean scores of the Quality of Life (QOL) of healthy people and asthmatics were 36.260 and 29.205, respectively (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The life style and QOL of asthma patients are deteriorated to a large extent. Therefore, it is recommended that educational interventions to improve the life style and QOL of patients included in their care plan
Fatemeh Ghasemi, Nasrin Bahraminejad, Masoumeh Namadian, Ramezan Fallah,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (12-2018)
Abstract

Background: Womenchr('39')s lifestyle affects their health and having a healthy lifestyle reduces the risk of developing non-communicable diseases. Evidence suggests that disadvantaged women are more subject to the risk of non- communicable diseases such as type 2 diabetes.
Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the lifestyle of disadvantaged women at the risk of type 2 diabetes under the support of social welfare center of Zanjan city in 2018.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 287 women aged 65-35 and under the support of social welfare centers of Zanjan who were selected by Poisson random sampling. Data collection tools included a three-part questionnaire including demographic and background characteristics, an international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ), and a Mini Nutrition Assessment questionnaire (MNA), filled out by a researcher at the social welfare center. Data were analyzed using descriptive-analytic statistical tests (mean index, standard deviation and one-factor analysis of variance, Kolmogorov-Smirnov) by applying SPSS software version 24.
Results: The minimum and maximum age of women were 35 and 61 years, respectively, with a mean of 41.6(±9). The minimum and maximum body mass indexes were 16.2 and 42, respectively, with a mean of 26.1±4.3. In terms of education, the majority of women (42%) had Quranic-elementary education and concerning the income, 76% had insufficient income. As to the marital status, the majority of participants (69%) were widowed or divorced. According to the quantitative criterion of physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ), more than half of the women (60%) had low to moderate physical activity and according to the quality criterion of WHO physical activity, 89% of women had unfavorable physical activity. In terms of nutritional status, more than half of the women (50.5%) had poor nutrition.
Conclusion: The findings of the study indicated that the majority of women were undesirable in terms of physical activity and healthy nutrition. Therefore, interventional research is needed to find appropriate educational models to improve diabetes preventive behaviors in this population group.
Arghavan Esmaeili, Parvaneh Khorasani, Masoud Bahrami, Habibollah Hosseini,
Volume 10, Issue 2 (8-2020)
Abstract

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common and age-related cancers worldwide.
Objectives: The present study aimed to determine the recurrence, severity, distress, and clustering of symptoms in the elderly with colorectal cancer in the selected hospitals in Isfahan from 2018 to 2019.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted over a period of six months on 300 patients with colorectal cancer in selected hospitals in Isfahan. Data collection tools were contextual questionnaires and symptom recall scale (MSAS). To determine the correlation matrix between symptoms (clusters), a heuristic analysis factor was used in terms of mean recurrence, severity, and distress of symptoms in research units through PCA heuristic analytical method in SPSS 16.
Results: The most common symptoms in terms of recurrence were dry mouth (32.92%) and numbness and frisson (24.55%). The most common symptoms in terms of recurrence were dry mouth (80.33%) and nausea (86%); the most common symptoms in terms of severity were dry mouth (41%) and nausea (29.8%). The most common signs of distress were "I do not look like myself" (6) and dry mouth (35.3%). Finally, five clusters were obtained, including systemic, psychiatric, cardiovascular, mucosal, and gastrointestinal symptoms.
Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that psychological symptoms had a higher percentage of recurrence, severity, and distress in CRC patients than physical symptoms.

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