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Showing 10 results for Amini

Sahar Dehghani, Kourosh Amini, Elham Shakibazade, Soghrat Faghihzade, Masoud Hashem Zade,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (3-2015)

Background and Objectives: Anxiety is one of the most common mental health problems with adverse effects on chronic kidney disease. This study aimed to determine the effect of Two Heart meditation exercise on anxiety in hemodialysis patients. Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial, 48 hemodialysis patients were randomly allocated into meditation (20 patients) or usual-care (28 patients) Groups. Two Hearts meditation exercises were conducted by the experimental group. The data were collected using the standardized anxiety section of the DASS-21 questionnaire before and at the end of the first and second month after the intervention. Collected data were analyzed in the SPSS-16 using the T-test, Fisherchr('39')s exact test, Cchi-squared test and repeated measures analysis of variance.. Results: There was a significant difference in the mean score of anxiety before, and two months after the intervention. Conclusion: Conducting non-expensive and simple meditation exercises decreased patients’ anxiety. The procedure can be applied in hemodialysis patients to relief their mental symptoms..

Fatemeh Rostami, Farhad Ramezani Badr , Koorosh Amini, Aub Pezeshki,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (9-2015)

Background and Objectives: Stress is a common and important psychological problem among patients undergoing hemodialysis. Stress can negatively affect the quality of life, treatment acceptance, and disease progress in patients. Participation of patient in self-care activities lead to more independence and patients adjustments with their illnesses. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a self-care educational program based on the Oremchr('39')s model on stress in hemodialysis patients. Materials and Methods: This semi-experimental pretest-posttest study was conducted in the educational hospitals affiliated to Zanjan University of Medical Sciences. Participants were selected among from patients undergoing hemodialysis through convenience method and were allocated into two intervention and control groups using blocked randomization. After baseline measurement, the educational program was implemented in the intervention group for 30-minutes weekly sessions. Stress was measured before and one month after the intervention in both groups using the stress part of the DASS-42 questionnaire. The data were analyzed in the SPSS-19 using descriptive statistics, paired-t test, independent t-test, and chi-squared test. Results: The mean age of the participants was 55.13±15.1 years. Most of the participants were male (63.3%), 76.0% were married and 47.88% had not finished the high school. There was a significant decrease in the mean stress score after the intervention (P<0.001). There was also a significant difference in the mean of stress score between the two groups after the intervention (p=0.03). Conclusion: According to the positive effect of our educational program designed based on the Oremchr('39')s self-care model, it seems that the program could be implemented to decrease stress in patients undergoing hemodialysis.

Masoomeh Najafzadeh, Kourosh Amini, Soghrat Faghihzadeh, Hamidreza Monsef Esfahani,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (2-2016)

Background and Objectives: Several studies have shown that nurses working in the ICUs experience high levels of anxiety. Anxiety can not only negatively affect them, but may decrease the quality of care provided by them. The present study aimed to assess the effect of Valerian on anxiety among nurses working in the ICUs of Zanjan teaching hospitals.

Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial, nurses working in morning and evening shifts were recruited to the study. A dose of 530 mg Herbal Sedamin capsules containing dried roots of Valeriana Officinallis were consumed by the nurses in the intervention group twice a day for one week. The control group received placebo. The Speilbergerchr('39')s State-Trait anxiety inventory was completed by the nurses at baseline and after the intervention. The independent t-test and paired t-test were used to analyse data.

Results: After the intervention in two groups (Valerian and Placebo), the trait and state anxiety scores were significantly lower than before of the intervention. But there were no significant differences in the trait and state anxiety scores of the questionnaire between the experimental group and control groups after the intervention (P=0.846).

Conclusion: It seems that the special and different nature of the ICUs has hampered the effectiveness of this herbal medicine. Further studies with higher doses, or in other settings is suggested.

Homa Dorodi, Korosh Amini, Maryam Hashemi,
Volume 6, Issue 3 (11-2016)

Background and Objectives: Due to the importance of the effect of occupational hazards on the performance of health workers and professional satisfaction, this study was done to determine the relationship between the injuries caused by job with job satisfaction, stress and employee turnover mediated by perceptions of safety climate about health workers.

Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive-correlative study. The statistic population of this study included all medical and administrative staff of Zanjan’s teaching hospitals. The sample was 268 people who were selected among the therapeutic staff of Ayatollah Mousavi and Valiasr hospitals by using Cochran method and accessible sampling. Data were collected by a local standard questionnaire. The validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by factor analysis (KMO=0.809) and its ostensible validity and reliability was confirmed by Cronbachchr('39')s alpha coefficient (0.82) report. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation and multiple regression by SPSS software, version 22.

Results: Multiple regression showed that there is a significant relation between the injuries caused by job and job satisfaction, job stress and turnover (p<0.05). Also, the mediating role of perceptions of safety climate variable was confirmed.

Conclusion: Organizations should pay more attention to the prevention of injuries to prevent the decline in employeeschr('39') perception of safety so that the attitude of staff and their job satisfaction do not change.

Masoumeh Asgari, Korosh Amini ,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (11-2017)

Background: Two main factors of success and failure of individuals in all different stages of life are considered to be self-esteem and body image.
Objectives: The present study aimed at examining self-esteem and body image concern among students of Islamic Azad University of Abhar based on demographic variables.
Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study conducted in 2015, and participants consisted of 154 male and female students at Islamic Azad University of Abhar-Iran. Stratified random sampling method was used, and samples were chosen from different fields of study. Data were collected using two standard questionnaires, that is, Body Image Concern Inventory (BICI) and Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSES). Data analysis was carried out through SPSS software version 16, descriptive statistics, Chi-square, independent t-test, and ANOVA.
Results: Regarding body image concern, 27.3% of the participants were found to be asymptomatic, and 45.5% of them were found to have symptoms. In addition, 27.3% of the participants were recognized to have a severe disorder. The participants’ scores regarding body image concern were found to be significantly different according to age, marital status, field of study, and education level (P<0.05). With respect to self-esteem, 35.1% of the participants were found to have low self-esteem, 32.4% had moderate self-esteem, and 32.5% enjoyed high self-esteem. Furthermore, the participant’ self-esteem scores significantly varied in terms of age, marital status, field of study, and education level (P<0.05).
Conclusion: The participant students’ Body image concern was found to be high, and their self-esteem was low. It is recommended that university officials and decision-makers in mental health area enhance students’ self-esteem and body image as two important factors and make plans considering demographic factors.
Somayeh Farajpour Pirbasty, Nasrin Jafari, Kourosh Amini, Soghrat Faghihzadeh,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (10-2018)

Background: Virtual social networks are the most important communication tools in the modern era, which have gained remarkable popularity in various communities. The use of social networks by different age groups has been on the rise, especially among adolescents.
Objectives: The present study aimed to assess adaptation to motherhood and its influential factors in the first year postpartum in Iranian women.
Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted on 180 students aged 16-18 years during 2016-2017. The research samples were selected by multi-stage method. Data were collected using demographic questionnaires and a researcher-made questionnaire to assess the rate and mode of using social networks. Data analysis was performed in SPSS version 16 using descriptive statistics.
Results: In total, 77.8% of the adolescents were registered in various social networks, and the majority were the users of Telegram (75.6%). Moreover, 58.9% of the participants had been using virtual social networks for more than 12 months, and 19.4% used the networks for more than four hours per day for non-educational purposes. On the other hand, 47.2% of the students used social networks for educational purposes for less than one hour.
Conclusion: According to the results, adolescents frequently used virtual social networks, especially for non-educational purposes. Therefore, it is recommended that various scientific channels and networks with greater magnetism be designed for entertaining adolescents.
Shabnam Asgari, Mahin Roohani, Kourosh Amini, Soghrat Faghihzadeh,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (9-2018)

Background: One of the psychological complications of heart failure is anxiety, especially death anxiety, which leads to poor quality of life in patients and impaired prognosis of the disease.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to Investigating Death Anxiety and its Relationship with Some Demographic Variables in Patients with Heart Failure investigate death anxiety level and its association with some demographic variables in patients with heart failure.
Methods: It was a descriptive-analytical study conducted on 80 patients with heart failure referring to Valiasr Hospital and Ayatollah Mousavi Zanjan between March 2018 and August 2018. A three-prat questionnaire was used to collect data: 1. Demographic characteristics, 2. Templer death anxiety scale 3. Beck anxiety scale (to determine patientschr('39') baseline anxiety). For analyzing the data, descriptive statistics and ANCOVA were used in SPSS v.22 software.
Results: The age range of the patients was between 27 and 98 years, with the highest age group (65 years) with 83.8%. Fifty-two percent of the sample were female (n=42) and 47% were male (n=38). Seventy two point five percent were married, 61% were illiterate, 40% were unemployed and 55% reported poor financial status. The mean score of death anxiety in heart failure patients was 47.95. The highest score of death anxiety in these patients was 61 (1.3%) and the lowest score was 30 (1.3%). More than 90% of patients had moderate (82/5%) and severe (11/25%) death anxiety. The results of ANCOVA showed that the relationship between death anxiety level and employment status variable (P<0.04) was significant.
Conclusion: The results of this study indicated a high death anxiety among the majority of studied population which can be due to lack of adequate training in coping with death anxiety in patients with heart failure. Accordingly, it is suggested that more attention should be paid to mental health authorities in order to improve the mental health of these populations in this area.

Kourosh Amini, Sahar Dehghani, Soudabeh Niroomand, Masomeh Hasanlo, Daryoush Amini, Soghrat Faghihzadeh,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (9-2018)

Background: Considering the increasing prevalence of psychological problems, complications, and consequences of depression in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD), the application of complementary therapies such as meditation counseling is highly important.
Objectives: Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect of meditation on depression in patients undergoing HD.
Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 57 patients who met the inclusion criteria by the convenience sampling method. The participants were randomly allocated to intervention and control groups. Those in the intervention group attended three 15-20 minute educational practice sessions weekly offered over an eight-week period while the control group received no intervention. A validated questionnaire assessed depressive symptoms at baseline and after 4 and 8 weeks. In addition, the CONSORT statement was adhered to where possible. Finally, t-test, repeated-measures ANOVA, Fisher’s exact test, and Chi-square tests were used to analyze data using SPSS 16.
Results: The mean depression score among the patients of the intervention group decreased from 85±1.56 at baseline to 70±1.27 at 8-week follow-up (P=0.003). Further, the mean score of depressive symptoms significantly decreased during eight weeks after the intervention (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Simple and non-expensive meditation exercises could fruitfully decrease depression symptoms in patients undergoing HD. The prevalence of depressive symptoms is high among the patients, therefore, the implementation of meditation exercises should help minimize a major problem in these groups of patients.
Zeinab Bakhteari, Nasrin Jafari Varjoshani, Nasrin Hanifi, Kourosh Amini,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (12-2018)

Background: Although nurses are legally and morally responsible for the quality of patient care, patients also have the right to receive high-quality and decent nursing care.
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of education-based empowerment program on the nursing care quality in the dialysis ward.
Methods: The present semi-experimental clinical trial study was performed as pre-test and post-test, before and after the intervention, in two stages. All hospitalized patients (150 subjects) in the dialysis center of Valiasr Hospital in Zanjan were enrolled by the census method. At the end of the study, the number of subjects was 125. Before the intervention, the SERVQUAL questionnaire was completed by the patients. Afterwards, nurse empowerment sessions were held. Finally, after the intervention, the SERVQUAL questionnaire was filled by the patients. To analyze the collected data, paired t-test, independent t-test, and variance analysis were performed using SPSS V22 software.
Results: The findings of the study showed significant differences between the patients’ expectations and  perceptions of services, before and after intervention, in terms of tangibility, reliability, responsiveness, and overall dimensions (P<0.0001).
Conclusion: The results of the present research indicated that education-based empowerment program affected nursing care quality in different dimensions. Hence, it is recommended paying more attention to education-based empowerment program to improve nursing care quality
Vahideh Rashtchi, Mostafa Soleymani, Korosh Amini, Ramazan Fallah,
Volume 9, Issue 4 (1-2020)

Background: There are not many studies on relationship between teamwork in pre-hospital Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and the relationship between teamwork and its consequences is complicated.
Objectives: Therefore, the goal of this research is studying the degree of teamwork and its relationship with job and demographic factors of the Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) in Zanjan Province.
Methods: This cross-sectional study focused on the correlation between inclination to teamwork and the demographic features of the EMTs, using a researcher-made demographic and job features instrument and Patterson’s EMT-Teamwork scale. The data were analyzed through the SPSS. 16 software, and p<0.05 level of significance was adopted. The ethical code of IR.ZUMS.REC.1398.243 for this research was obtained from Zanjan University of Medical Sciences.
Results: This cross-sectional study showed mean score of confrontation with teamwork to be 58.44± 17.25 and the highest score belonged to Interpersonal Conflict (IC). Furthermore, the mean score of inclination to teamwork was 63.71± 11.08 and the highest score in this respect belonged to the partner adaptability and leadership. The linear regression analysis also showed that total teamwork score was statistically significant with respect to the number of missions, workplace and the working environment.
Conclusion: The teamwork score of the Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) in Zanjan was acceptable and total teamwork score was statistically significant with respect to number of missions, workplace and working environment of the Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) in Zanjan Province.

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