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Showing 11 results for Ahmadi

Mojgan Alsadat Aghvamy, Morteza Torabi Ahmadi, Mahnaz Afshinjoo,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (9-2011)

  Background and Objectives: Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in childhood period. It decreases the quality of life of children. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of group education using compact disks on the quality of life in children 8-12 years with asthma referring to the asthma and Allergy clinic in Valiasr medical center in zanjan, 2009.

  Material and Methods: This is a quasi-experiment single blind study. We evaluated the Effectiveness of Group Education using CDs on Quality of Life of Children with Asthma. Data were collected using the PedAQLQ. Some other items were added by the researchers to measure the physical, psychological and social domains. The 40 participants were selected using non-random sampling method. Data were analyzed using paired t-test.

  Results: The average score of the quality of life in the three domains indicated that the quality of life has been increased appropriately. The score was increased significantly after the intervention (p<0/05).

  Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the educational intervention using CDs improved the quality of life in children suffering from Asthma.

Mitra Payami Bousaria , Hosein Ebrahimi, Gholam Ali Taghiloo, Heydar Ali Abedi, Fazlo Allah Ahmadi, Hosein Bagheri,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (9-2011)

Introduction: Conflict among nurses has been identified as a significant issue within healthcare settings all around the world. Nurses confront with different types of interpersonal conflicts in their work. Itchr('39')s important to know causes and effects of conflicts in nursing units before deciding to manage them. Aim: describing the experiential aspects of nurseschr('39') inter group conflicts focused on causes and effects. Methods: Unstructured and in-depth interviews were conducted according to the grounded theory method. Data were transcribed, coded and categorized in order to generate conceptual categories using constant comparative method. Results: 310 codes extracted from 18 interviews resulted in a model describing the nature and causes of inter group conflicts within nursing: Extra and intra organizational elements with personal and environmental characteristics provide the instincts for creating the conditions which lead to inter group conflicts. Discussion: According to findings context and work place atmosphere must be consider before any try to manage inter group conflicts properly.

Akefe Ahmadiafshar, Banafshe Parvizy, Noraldin Mousavinasab,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (3-2012)

  Background and Objectives: The incidence and etiologic factors of chronic urticaria, a common disease, was varied in different studies. The purpose of this study was to determine some causes of chronic urticaria and response to treatment in the patients suffering from chronic urticaria in allergy clinic of Vali-Asr Hospital in Zanjan during May 2004 to September 2007.

  Material and Methods: In this study, after taking thorough history and examining patients, laboratory test including atopy, thyroid disorders, collagen vascular, liver disorders and stool examination for parasitic infestation were taken. Data were analyzed using the SPSS.

  Results: One hundred forty six patients had chronic urticaria (100 females and 46 males, mean age: 30.69 years) 75 patients (51.4%) had idiopathic urticaria. From all, 42 patients (28.8%) had atopy and 25 patients (17%) had physical urtiaria. Response to treatment was seen in more than 80% of the patients.

  Conclusion: In our study, idiopathic urtiaria was the most common one however, the incidence was low in comparison with the other studies. We could not find any association between the consumption specific food and drugs with the urticaria. The response to treatment using the anti-histamines was very good.

Ahmad Ahmadi, Sayeh Sadat Moosavi Sahebalzamani, Farah Ghavami, Yaaghob Shafiee, Ali Fathi Ashtiani,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (9-2014)

Background and Objectives: Anxiety and postpartum depression are devastating conditions that affect both pregnant women and their infants. The current study aimed to evaluate effect of psychological interventions on postpartum depression, anxiety and infants’ weight in primipara women referred to Baghiatallah and Najmiyeh hospitals in 2013. Materials and Methods: In this randomized controlled trial, out of 534 pregnant women who were in their last trimester of pregnancy, 135 at risk women were selected. The participants were randomly assigned to the experimental or control groups. The intervention program composed of eight educational and cognitive-behavioral sessions. Individuals in the control group received usual care. The symptoms of anxiety and depression were assessed using the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory. Infantschr('39') birth weights were also measured. Results: There were no significant differences between the two groups regarding baseline measurements. The anxiety and depressive symptoms scores were reduced significantly in the intervention group (p<0/05). There were no changes in the mean of birth weight in both groups after the intervention. Conclusion: Findings suggested that psychological interventions could reduce symptoms of emotional problems in postpartum period.

Mohammadali Aslani, Nasrin Hanifi, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Ramazan Fallah,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (9-2015)

Background and Objectives: Aspiration is a serious complication that occurs due to delayed gastric emptying in mechanically ventilated patients. Aspiration results in increased rate of pneumonia and death. Acupressure can increase gastric motility and prevent aspiration. This study aimed to determine the effect of acupressure on occurrence of gastric content aspiration in mechanically ventilated patients hospitalized in intensive care units. Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 78 patients hospitalized in the intensive care units of educational hospitals of Zanjan were recruited using convenience sampling method during 2012-2013. Patients were randomly allocated into two intervention and control groups. In the intervention group, acupressure wristbands were placed on the Neiguan point of both hands of the patients for four days. Aspiration was measured and compared using glucose and PH strips on the second and fourth days in both groups. Data were analyzed using the independent T-test, Mann-Whitney, Chi-squared test, Mantel-Haenszel and logistic regression in the SPSS-16. Results: The aspiration, totally and in the fourth day, was lower in the intervention group in compare with the control group however the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant. Conclusion: Acupressure is an easy-to-use and harmless method to relatively decrease aspiration among the patients. It can be considered as a complementary treatment in decreasing aspiration among patients hospitalized in the intensive care units.

Rezvan Yazdani, Seyedeh Soghra Ahmadi, Karim Mola, Mohammad Hasan Haghighi Zadeh , Sedigheh Fayazi, Mohammad Farokh Payam,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (10-2017)

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease with a profound effect on the life quality of the patients due to its chronic, painful, and disabling nature.
Objectives: This study aimed to determine the effects of progressive muscle relaxation technique on life quality in RA patients.
Methods: This clinical trial was conducted in a rheumatologist office on 62 RA patients. The participants were randomly divided into two groups: progressive muscle relaxation group and control group. While the intervention group underwent a daily 20-minute relaxation period for 8 weeks, no intervention was given in the control group. Data were collected using a two part questionnaire including demographic characteristic form and SF-36 life quality questionnaire, completed at the beginning and the end of the intervention. Data analysed using Chi-square test, independent t-test and paired t-test with SPSS software version 19.
Results: The findings of the study showed that, in the experimental group, the mean score of life quality changed from 37.84 to 54.54 after the intervention (p=0.0001), while, in the control group, it altered from 37.47 to 43.20. There fore, the difference between the two groups was not considered as significant before intervention (p=0.112). Moreover, there was a significant difference between experimental and control groups regarding the six aspects of life quality including physical function (p=0.041), vitality (p=0.029), social function (p=0.017), mental health (p=0.001), general health (p=0.002), and psychological health (p=0.002). However, no significant difference was found in case of bodily pain (p=0.149) and physical constraint (p=0.82).
Conclusion: According to the findings, progressive muscle relaxation training could be an effective therapeutic method to improve quality of life in RA patients
Hosein Masoumi Jahandizi, Masood Hejazi, Mohamad Saeid Ahmadi, Mohamad Masood Vakili,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (12-2018)

Background: Identification of the factors that result in academic achievement and prevent academic failure is of extreme importance due to the effective role of nursing in the health and wellbeing of human beings.
Objectives: This study is done with regards to the important role of academic emotions in academic achievement and the double effect of academic engagement mediators and cognitive strategies in the process; Therefore, the focus of this investigation is the influential role of academic emotions in academic achievement of the nursing students of Zanjan University of Medical Sciences through mediation of academic engagement and cognitive strategies.
Methods: This research is causal-comparative in nature, covering a statistical population of 178 male and female students of nursing in Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, who were found qualified for this study. Questionnaire was used as an instrument for collection of data, which was then analyzed using SPSS24 and LISREL 8.8.
Results: The findings showed that academic engagement with a coefficient of 0.58 and cognitive strategies with a coefficient of 0.22 mediated academic achievement and academic emotion. Moreover, the adequacy of the model was above 0.90 through the Goodness-of-Fit Indices. Moreover, the adequacy of the model was proved through such Goodness-of-Fit Indices as the Chi-square test, which equaled 6.12, the six degrees of freedom (6DoF) and the 0.40 level of statistical significance (p).
Conclusion: Therefore, it is concluded that mediation of academic engagement and cognitive strategies will enhance effect of academic emotion in academic achievement and the variables have well proved their mediation role.
Leila Ahmadi, Mehdi Rashedin, Roghaieh Kharaghani,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (11-2019)

Background: Currently, fetal heart monitoring is the most widely used primary method for assessing fetal health.
Objectives: The current study intended to investigate the baseline patterns of fetal heart rate using software technology.
Methods: This is a software design study. Medical records of maternal deliveries of Mousavi Hospital in Zanjan were examined using the convenience sampling method and required information were collected and the fetal heart monitoring strips were scanned. The tests were interpreted by three faculty members with a clinical background and related experience in teaching from the Zanjan and Tehran Universite of Medical Sciences. The strips were also interpreted using software designed by computer engineers without knowing the results of the research medical team. The accuracy of the diagnoses made by the software was compared against the diagnosis made by the skilled faculty members.
Results: The mean (standard deviation) of the baseline feat heart rate calculated by the software was 142.06 (10.61) and the mean of the rate calculated by the skilled faculty members was 142.08 (10.77). There was a 95.9% correlation between the baseline calculated by the software and by experts (p<0.001). Besides, 92.1% of the baseline variance calculated by the software was determined by the baseline calculated by the experts (p<0.001). Softwarechr('39')s reports on fetal tachycardia had 100% sensitivity and 98.7% specificity and, for fetal bradycardia, reports had 100% sensitivity and 99.7% specificity, compared to the expertchr('39')s report.
Conclusion: According to the results, the software can be useful for health staff to accurately diagnose the baseline pattern of fetal heart rate and its related disorders.
Said Ahmadi, Mojgan Alsadat Aghvamy, Mahnaz Afshingoo,
Volume 10, Issue 1 (4-2020)

Background: Autism is a developmental disorder that impairs social relationships. Sleep disorders are one of the major problems of patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASD).
Objectives: Concerning the need to investigate problems and impairments caused by this disease, the present study aimed at determining the effect of an eight-week endurance training program plus Q10 supplementation on sleep quality in children with ASD in 2017.
Methods: The present double-blind study was performed on three experimental groups. Group 1 performed eight-week endurance training on a one-mile distance as brisk walking. Group 2 received 100 mg Q10 supplements daily and Group 3 underwent a combination of both interventions. Pre- and post-tests were performed to determine the sleep habits of the study subjects using the childrenchr('39')s sleep habits questionnaire (CSHQ) by parents. Finally, the pre- and post-tests data were compared using the paired samples t-test.
Results: A significant difference was observed between the pre- and post-test results in the mean total and eight subscales scores in the endurance training plus Q10 supplementation group (P <0.05). There was no significant difference between the pre- and post-test results in the sleep anxiety and sleep-disordered breathing subscales in the endurance training group and the sleep-disordered breathing subscale in the supplementation group.
Conclusion: According to the study results, it seems that the sleep of children with autism was improved by increased physical activity and Q10 supplementation.

Vahideh Rashtchi, Saeed Ahmadi, Nasrin Hanifi, Ramazan Fallah,
Volume 10, Issue 2 (8-2020)

Background: The challenges of health systems emphasize the need for more motivated employees to perform better and more effectively. Therefore, pervasive attention to job satisfaction of these employees is a matter of course.
Objectives: The present study aimed at investigating factors affecting job satisfaction in emergency medical services (EMS) staff of Zanjan Province, Iran, in 2019.
Methods: The present descriptive-correlational study was performed on 170 EMS personnel working in the Disaster and Emergency Medical Management Center (DEMMC) of Zanjan Province. The stratified random sampling method was utilized to select the subjects. Job description index and GHQ-12 were administered as data collection instruments. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 16 using descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient.
Results: In the present study, the work experience of 46.5% and 26% of the subjects was less than five and more than 10 years, respectively. The highest and lowest scores of job satisfaction belonged to coworkers and pay subscales, respectively (24.4±17 vs. 11.5±18.4). The overall job satisfaction score of the subjects was 19.7±18.2 out of 100. Also, a significant relationship was found between the level of education and overall satisfaction.
Conclusion: Considering the low level of job satisfaction in EMS staff, it seems that modifying the reward mechanisms in the prehospital emergency department and using performance improvement levers can enhance the motivation and improve the performance of staff. Besides, strive to promote social relations among coworkers as an effective element may help to enhance job satisfaction and the overall satisfaction of personnel.
Seyedeh Nasim Mirbahari, Rahim Ahmadi,
Volume 10, Issue 3 (8-2020)

Background: Due to the presence of the main receptor of SARS-CoV-2 (ACE2) in the male and female reproductive systems, infertility and viral damage during pregnancy are possible, in addition to premature birth, abnormal birth, and even maternal death.
Objectives: This study aimed to review the effects of COVID-19 from fertilization until birth.
Methods: By searching relevant keywords, a total of 205 articles were retrieved, 62 of which were finally reviewed in this study. Also, the Fertility Society of Australia (FSA), European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE), and Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) websites were checked to find reports on infertility management during the COVID-19 pandemic in other countries.
Results:: The coronavirus receptor (ACE2) is expressed in the tissues of the male and female reproductive systems, as well as various embryonic stages. The fetus is most likely to be infected by the virus at the time of birth. However, there are few reports of vertical transmission from the mother to the fetus before birth. Couples are generally suggested to freeze their embryos after the COVID-19 pandemic is eradicated.
Conclusion: Considering the presence of the new coronavirus receptors in the male and female reproductive systems, besides reports on the destructive effects of this virus on different parts of the male and female reproductive systems, COVID-19 can harm the next generation, as well as the current world population. Therefore, couples are advised to avoid pregnancy during the COVID-19 outbreak. In the case of pregnancy, they are asked to observe the health protocols as much as possible to prevent the spread of disease.

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