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Showing 70 results for Subject: Nursing

Payman Janani, Masoud Roudbari, Iman Tahamtan, Shahram Sedghi,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (7-2012)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: The journal articles published in the Iranian journals are valuable resources for nurses and midwives. This article aimed to analyze the content of the articles published in the nursing and midwifery journals of Iranian universities of medical sciences. Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 565 articles published during 2005-2007 in the 20 Iranian nursing and midwifery journals were collected. Data were collected using a checklist and were presented using descriptive statistics in the SPSS-16. Results: Most articles were published equally in nursing classification (12/4%) and miscellaneous articles (12/4%). Most of the articles were conducted using descriptive methodologies. The most cited subjects were nursing education (20%) and pregnancy (16.6%) in the nursing and midwifery subheadings, respectively. The Magiran database indexed the most nursing and midwifery articles. Conclusion: There were few scientific nursing and midwifery journals published by the medical sciences universities. A majority of the articles published in the nursing and midwifery universities were related to other medical fields. It seems that there should be a distinct publishing policy in nursing and midwifery journals. Creating a specific database for indexing nursing and midwifery articles is recommended.


Parvin Mohebi, Leila Rastegari, Elham Jaafari, Mansoureh Sepehrinia,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (2-2013)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: Spiritual intelligence is an important concept in the field of spirituality. It combines the spirituality and intelligence structures within a new structure. Spirituality helps to better compatibility with the environment. This study investigated the spiritual intelligence of Zanjan Nursing and Midwifery students and assessed its relationship with some demographic factors. Material and Methods: In this correlational study, the intelligence level of 220 students in Nursing and Midwifery school of Zanjan were measured using the Spiritual intelligence questionnaire consisted of 29 items with the Likert scoring scale. The participants were selected using random sampling. The data was analyzed using statistical tests at the significant level of P<0.05 in the SPSS-18. Results: The result of the study revealed that 74.5 percent of the participants were female and 25.5 percent of were male. The mean age of the students was 21.5 (SD=23.2). The mean GPA of the students was 16.68 (SD=19.2). The mean score of Spiritual intelligence of student was 17.42 (SD=121) with a range of 43-145. The average of Spiritual intelligence was 16.9 (SD=122.61) among female students and 18.44 (SD=116.3) among male students. About 83.4 percent of students had good spiritual intelligence, 14.5 percent had average spiritual intelligence, and 1.8 percent of student had low spiritual intelligence. Conclusion: Nursing and midwifery studentshavea high level of spiritual intelligence. Personality characteristics need to be evaluated as predictor of spiritual intelligence.


Tahere Dehdari, Maryam Chegni, Lale Dehdari,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (2-2013)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: There are high tendency among adolescence for consuming junk foods. The aim of this study was to predict the junk food consumption based on the theory of planned behavior among female student in Kermanshah, 2011. Material and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, 207 female students studying in middle schools of Kermanshah were selected using multi stage sampling method. The students filled out a self-structured questionnaire provided based on the theory of planned behavior. Statistical analysis of the data was done in the SPSS using correlation analysis, regression analysis and One-way ANOVAs. Results:Most of the students had consumed junk foods. The findings showed that behavioral intention, perceived behavioral control and subjective norms could predict 44 percent of the variation in junk food consumption behavior. Among constructs of the theory of planned behaviors, only perceived behavioral control was able to predict 44 percent of the variation in junk food consumption intention. Conclusion: Regarding more consumption of junk foods than nutrient foods and fruits among students, it is essential to conduct educational interventions based on theories of behavioral sciences. students is high and various interventions based on behavioral change theories (for example, the theory of planned behavior) it is necessary.


Neda Sanaie, Mahin Roohani, Mansoureh Sepehrinia,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (2-2013)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: Heart disease a major cause of disability. Adherence improvement is considered as one of the most important tasks of nurses. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of a family-centered educational program on adherence to an exercise program among patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery.

Material and Methods: In this clinical trial 112 patients were selected from the ICU open heart of an educational hospital. The patients who had undergone elective heart surgery and had no mental illness were randomly divided into two groups. A family–centered educational program was implemented in the experimental group patients. Patients in the control group received routine care. Data were gathered using a questionnaire including demographic and compliance of exercise program questions before and eight weeks after the intervention in both groups. Data were analyzed in the SPSS 18. Using Chi squared and t-test statistic tests.

Results: Data analysis revealed that there were no significant differences between the patients’ compliance in both groups before the intervention (P>0.05). After the intervention, all dimensions of the compliance differed significantly between both groups (P<0.001).

Conclusion: The family–centered educational program was practically feasible for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft. It improved the compliance of exercise program in patients.


Masoume Alidosti, Zeynab Hemati,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (9-2013)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: Regarding the important role of peers in health behaviors of adolescents suffering from chronic diseases such as diabetes, this study aimed to assess the effects of an educational program on the knowledge and behaviors of the peers of students with Type 1 diabetes in Shahre kord in 2012. Material and Methods: In this experimental study, 64 students were randomly assigned to the experiment and control groups. Data were measured using the knowledge questionnaire (14 knowledge questions and six demographic questions) and the 8-item behavior scale at baseline and one month after the intervention. The Cronbachchr('39')s alpha coefficients were calculated for the knowledge questions (0.82), and the behavior items (0.76). Data were analyzed using the t-test, and the Chi-squared test with a confidence level of 95%. Results: The mean scores of the knowledge and behavior scales did not differ significantly after the intervention in the control group. After the intervention, the mean scores of the knowledge and behavior scales were increased in the experimental group (p<0.001). There were no relationships between the educational levels of parents with the knowledge and behavior. There was a significant positive correlation between the knowledge and behaviors of the students (r=0.65). Conclusion: Given the positive effects of peer education, peers training programs are recommended to be implemented in schools.


Arezoo Imani, Elham Imani,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (9-2013)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: Self-care training is an important issue among patients. The aim of this study was to assess the educational needs for self-care training among patients with coronary artery disease. Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 200 patients were recruited from the Shahid Mohamadi hospital in Bandar Abbas in 2011. Data were collected using a 22-item questionnaire including demographic characteristics and needs assessment items (four dimensions) in a Likert-type scale. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire was confirmed using the content validity and the Cronbachchr('39')s alpha (0.81). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis and one-way ANOVA tests with 95% confidence coefficient. Results: The results showed that of 18% (36) of patients were the least. The educational needs were moderate in 44% (88) of patients and high in 38% (76) of the patients. The most educational items in the dimensions of cardiac disease, activity and rest, cardiovascular drugs and diet were the symptoms of cardiac disease 82% (164), exercising program 90% (180), medications 76% (152) and limitation of food supply 76% (152), respectively. There was a significant relationship between the educational needs and the literacy levels (P=0.04). Conclusion: The findings showed that most of the patients had moderate to high educational needs about the cardiac diseases and its conditions. It is necessity to provide educational programs based on the need assessments, especially in patients with low literacy.


Dr Rahim Sorouri Zanjani , Dr Saeideh Mazloomzadeh, Dr Azadeh Koocheki, Dr Mohammad Noori,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (9-2013)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: Providing safe blood and prevention of blood-borne infections are among the most important purposes of the Blood Transfusion Organization. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of Hepatitis B, C and HIV infection and their determinants in Zanjan blood donors from 2005 to 2006. Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the prevalence of Hepatitis B, C and HIV infection was determined for a total sample of 29716 blood donors. Information on age, gender, educational level and marital status of the donors were collected. Eliza and confirmatory tests including RIBA and Western Blot were used to detect the positive samples for the infections. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and frequency tables. Results: From 29716 blood donors, 104 (0.3%) were positive for HBsAg, 33(0.1%) for HCVAb and none for HIVAb. The prevalence of Hepatitis B increased with increasing age it was greater in married than single and in illiterate than literate donors. Both B and C viral infections were more prevalent in the first time donors compared to the repeat donors. Conclusion: Although the prevalence of Hepatitis B, C and HIV infection was low in Zanjan blood donors, for providing a safe blood supply, educational programs and screening strategies among high risk groups such as those with lower levels of education, married and first time donors are recommended.


Abdulaziz Aflakseir, Somaieh Jamali,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (2-2014)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: Mother-child bonding is vital for psychological development of children. Previous studies have shown that motherschr('39') mental health can impact mother-child bonding. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between postpartum depression with mother-child bonding in a group of mothers in Shiraz. Materials and Methods: In this correlational study, 140 mothers referred to health centers to check their childrenchr('39')s health status were recruited using convenience sampling method. Participants completed the questionnaires including the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (BPQ) and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EDPS). The statistical indexes including means, standard deviation, Pearson correlation coefficient and logistic regression analysis were measured to analyses the data using the SPSS. Results: Findings showed that about 25% of mothers experienced symptoms of postpartum depression and 23% had mother-child bonding disorder. The results also indicated that mothers with symptoms of postpartum depression were more likely to have mother-child bonding problems. The findings also showed that postpartum depression predicted mother-child bonding problems significantly. Conclusion: The study showed that mothers with more symptoms of postpartum depression were more likely to have bonding impairment with their children.


Maryam Mahmoudi, Tahereh Dehdari, Davood Shojaeezadeh, Ladan Abbasian, Seeyd Saleheh Mortazavi,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (2-2014)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: Patients with HIV/AIDS have different experiences regarding coping with stress. Understanding these experiences is essential to design tailored interventions. The aim of this study was to explore experiences of patients with HIV on coping with stress strategies. Materials and Methods: In this qualitative content analysis study, 26 participants with HIV were selected using purposive sampling from counseling of behavioral diseases center, Imam Khomeini hospital in Tehran in 2012. In-depth semi-structured interviews were used to collect data during nine months. The transcripts were analyzed using the Diekelmann’s method. Results: The participants were aged 20 to 73 years. Analyzing the data emerged two themes including emotional–based coping strategy with two sub-themes including adaptive and maladaptive coping strategy and the problem–based coping strategy with three sub-themes including seeking education and counseling, medication adherence and healthy life style. Conclusion: Clarification and explanation of coping with stress strategies can be used to design and implement effective intervention for reducing stress in patients with HIV/AIDS.


Mr Ali Imani, Mrs Fatemeh Moradi, Mr Seifollah Keighobadi,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (9-2014)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: Several studies have shown that sucrose intake results in pain relief during painful procedures among neonates. The effect of sucrose intake on intramuscular injection pain have less been studied. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of oral sucrose 30% on pain relief of Hepatitis B vaccine injection in full-term infants. Materials and Methods: In this triple-blinded clinical trial, 61 infants were selected and randomly allocated into two intervention and control groups. Two minutes before intramuscular injection of Hepatitis B vaccine, infants in the intervention group received 2 ml of oral sucrose 30%. Infants in the control group received the same amount of sterile distilled water orally. Before the injection, immediately, and five minutes after the injection, infants’ pain was assessed using the Neonatal Infant Pain Scale. Results: Finding showed that there were no significant differences between the two groups regarding sex, gestational age, birth weight, mode of delivery, and mean pain severity prior to injection. Pain severity was significantly reduced immediately and five minutes after the injection in the intervention group (p<0/05). Conclusion: Intake of oral sucrose 30% decreased vaccine injection pain. It can be used in clinic.


Abolfazl Artishedar, Masoumeh Mortaghi Ghasemi, Mohammadhossein Agha Jamaat, Zeinab Ghahremani,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (3-2015)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: The population of elderly is increasing worldwide. Chronic diseases and disabilities arecommon among elderly. Attitudes of health care providers including nurses on elder people affect the quality and priorities of health and medical care. The aim of this study was to assess the attitudes of nurses working in medical-surgical wards in Zanjan hospitals toward elderly. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out using random sampling to recruit 110 nurses working in medical-surgical wards. Data were collected using the Kogan questionnaire and were analyzed using the T-Test and ANOVA. Results: In this study, 107 nurses (97/3%) had positive attitudes toward the elderly. The attitude scores were not significantly different in subgroups of gender, marital status, age, education, employment, work experience, job location, residency, living with an elderly, having or not having income of the elderly. Conclusion: Interventions to improve attitudes of nurses toward elderly seem to influence the quality of care provided by nurses.


Dr Soghrat Phaghizadeh, Dr Nima Motamed, Dr Alireza Shoghli, Dr Mohsen Asoori, Dr Mahboobeh Safaean,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (3-2015)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: Patient safety is the most vital indicator of hospital management. Ignorance of the patient safety may lead to an increase in hospital mortality rates due to medical errors. Multiple studies have pointed out that there is a positive association between patient safety culture with reduction of medical errors and improvement in healthcare outcomes. This study was conducted in order to evaluate patient safety culture in hospitals of Amol city in Iran. Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was carried out among 530 non-physician- healthcare staff selected from three hospitals of Amol city. The instrument of this study was Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture Questionnaire (HSPSCQ) the items of which measure twelve dimensions of patient safety culture. All statistical analysis was performed in the SPSS-16. Results: Among twelve patient safety culture dimensions, the lowest positive responses included: dimensions of staffing (22%), non- punitive policy concerning medical errors (25%), and frequency of adverse event reporting (33%). Conclusion: The staffing, non-punitive policy and frequency of adverse events of patient safety culture aspects were assessed as less desired by nurses. Providing adequate staff and appropriate work hours, and developing the culture of voluntary adverse events and non-punitive policy can help to improve patient safety culture.


Ameneh Dashtestannejad, Ronak Eshghi, Emaneh Afkhami,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (3-2015)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: Given the importance of sexual relationships in marriage and influence of beliefs on types of sexual activities, it seems that premarital sex education can prevent some marital problems and increase sexual knowledge. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of premarital sex education on improvement of coupleschr('39') sexual dysfunctional beliefs in Isfahan. Materials and Methods: This was a quasi-experimental pretest–posttest study with a control group. Participants were selected from married couples referring to Imam Ali Charity Center in Isfahan in 2013. Participants were randomly assigned to the experimental (15 pairs) and control groups (15 pairs). Data were gathered using the male and female versions of the Nober and Pintogoviachr('39')s Sexual Dysfunctional Beliefs Questionnaire. The experimental group received eight sessions of premarital sex education. The control group was in waiting list. Results: The results of the ANCOVA analysis showed that the educational intervention was effective in sexual dysfunctional beliefs among women (p<001) and men (p<001). Conclusion: Premarital sexual skills training can improve sexual dysfunctional beliefs in men and women. Sex education, especially before marriage, can prevent sexual disorders and increase coupleschr('39') sexual satisfaction and marital intimacy.


Hamideh Azimi, Leili Yekkehfallah, Azam Ghorbani,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (9-2015)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: Diabetes, as a chronic disease, needs self-management efforts. It is shown that having a regular exercise can lead to an increase in quality of life among patients with chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of yoga exercise with walking on quality of life among patients with type 2 diabetes. Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 60 patients with type 2 diabetes aged 30-55 years. The participants were randomly assigned into three: yoga, walking and control groups. Patients in the yoga and walking groups, had 45-minutes daily exercise for four weeks. Data were gathered using the SF-36 quality of life questionnaire and were analyzed using the one-way ANOVA in the SPSS-16. Results: There were significant differences between the yoga and control groups after the intervention in terms of physical function, physical role, general health, vitality living, social function, mental role and mental health of the quality of life dimensions (P<0/05). There were significant differences between walking and control groups after the intervention in terms of physical function, physical role, general health, vitality living, mental role and mental health of the quality of life dimensions (P<0/05). Repeated measure ANOVA showed significant differences in terms of physical function, physical role, general health, vitality living, mental role and mental health of the quality of life dimensions in the three groups (P<0/05). Conclusion: According to the results of or study, yoga exercise was more effective in improving general health dimension of the quality of life.
Ali Mohammadi, Koorosh Kamali,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (9-2015)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), responsiveness is the ability of health systems to meet the legitimate expectations of populations for non-clinical enhancing aspects of health system. Assessment of responsiveness can help to manage resource allocation and improve strategies. The aim of this study was to assess the responsiveness in outpatient clinics of Zanjan. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Zanjan hospitals’ outpatient clinics during 2013-2014. A total of 240 patients were selected systematically. The WHO’s responsiveness questionnaire was used to collect data. Data were analyzed using the descriptive and analytical statistics such as mean, frequency, percent, and the Student t -test and one way ANOVA in the SPSS 11.5. Results: The majority of the respondents (over 73%) rated all aspects of the responsiveness as important. Half of the participants (50.6%) rated overall responsiveness as good. The best performance of responsiveness was related to confidentiality (76.3%) and dignity (63.8%) domains. The dignity was rated as the most important domain from outpatients' point of view. There was a statistically significant difference between the male and female patients regarding mean score of dignity. Conclusion: The finding of this study showed that there were gaps between the responsiveness performances and importance of all domains of the responsiveness. Achieving desirable status of responsiveness is essential.
Ghasem Bonyani Poudnak, Mitra Payami Bousarri , Farkhondeh Sharif,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (6-2016)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: The main challenge in liver transplantation is shortage of donor organs, and using living donor live transplantation (LDLT) has been considered as a new strategy. This study aimed to explore the concept of liver transplantation in living donors’ experiences after donating.

Materials and Methods: A qualitative study with qualitative descriptive approach was conducted in 12 participants with 4 days to 12 years history of liver donation, who were selected using purposive sampling. Data was collected using unstructured in-depth interviews and was analyzed by content analysis and constant comparative analysis.

Results: One main theme and five sub themes emerged. Participants described liver donation as a "life-saving and voluntary action with different aspects influencing life". From physical and emotional aspects, the liver transplantation was described as “a relatively hard surgery with unpleasant physical consequences after surgery which is required a continued home care” and “A combination of positive and negative feelings including hope, fear and concern”, respectively. The liver transplantation was identified as a humanitarian action, life-giving and beautiful, from the spiritual aspect. From the social dimension liver transplantation was explained as” a voluntary work with social prestige which needs the family and government support”, and from the economic aspects it was identified as” an expensive and time-consuming procedure”.

Conclusion: Although living donors have experienced numerous problems, donation was perceived as a voluntary lifesaving behavior. Even though, a low severity of physical complications, and gradual returning to previous healthy condition was reported by most of participants, further research is needed to recommend this operation. In addition to physical dimension, the other aspects of liver transplantation should be considered and supported by nurses and supportive organizations


Zahra Khoshkbari, Neda Sanaie, Fereshteh Javaheri Tehrani,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (6-2016)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: Primary Continued evaluation of nursing internship training programs is required to improve the educational process, and identify the strengths and the weaknesses of nursing students. Due to continued contact of the nurses with the students in clinical setting, they could be very helpful for evaluation of this program. The present study aimed to identify the views of nurses compared to the head nurses toward the internship nursing students’ clinical skills.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in nurses and head nurses (n=100) working in hospitals at Zanjan in 2014-2015. Data was collected using Students Clinical Skills Questionnaire including 36 questions in six dimensions (general services, security, clinical care, patient assessment, education and nursing process). Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 16.0).

Results: the majority of the head nurses (%57.15) and the nurses (%56.98) believed that the students had a good level of clinical skill, and there was no significant difference between head nurses and nurses (P=0.213). The total mean score of skills for the head nurses and the nurses were 139.11±21.03 and 144.23±21.11, respectively. The mean scores of the head nurses and the nurses in different aspects of clinical skills were as following, respectively: public service delivery (19.23±4.06 vs. 18.73±3.26); the security and privacy of patient (16.03±3.46 vs. 14.93±2.36); clinical care (66.93±6.26 vs. 58.44±5.06); clinical assessment (23.44±2.96 vs. 20.03±2.06); patient education (14.93±4.06 vs.17/66±3.67) and nursing process (22.83±7.06 vs. 19.23±4.06). No significant difference was found between the total score and each dimensions of the nursing clinical scale between the nurses and the head nurses.

Conclusion: Different aspects of the internship nursing students clinical skills (including public services, security and privacy of patient, clinical care, clinical assessment, patient education and clinical process) were evaluated as an appropriate level by the head nurses and the nurses.


Mohammad Farajzadeh, Meimanat Hosseini, Fayegh Yousefi, Hamideh Hajnasiri, Jamileh Salavati,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (8-2016)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: Difficult intubation is one of the challenges for patients undergoing anesthesia that leads to severe complications and death. Obstructive sleep apnea is one of the factors that may be associated with difficult intubation. The present study was carried out to investigate the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea and difficult intubation in the elderly.

Materials and Methods: This cross- sectional study was conducted in 2015 from February to June on 175 elderly patients using convenience sampling method. In order to gather data Demographic form, Berlin questionnaire and Comark-Lehane Index were used. Data were analyzed by SPSS (version 18) Statistical software and Kolmogorov-Smirnov, independent t-test, Mann-Whitney-u, chi-square tests and Logistic Regression.

Results: The mean age and SD of samples were 69.9±9.3 years. There were 18 (26.9%) people with difficult intubation and 10 (9.3%) people with normal intubation at high risk of sleep apnea. The results of this study showed that there was a significant relationship between sleep apnea and difficult intubation, and the risk of sleep apnea in the elderly with difficult intubation was 3.6 times of those with normal intubation (p=0.002, OR=3.6, CI 95%= 1.5-8.9).

Conclusion: There is a relationship between obstructive sleep apnea and difficult intubation in the elderly. Therefore, a screening procedure to identify the elderly at high risk of sleep apnea that are candidate for anesthesia seems to be necessary.


Ramazan Fallah, Alireza Shoghli, Asghar Marzban, Mansor Sadeghzadeh, Nima Motamed,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (3-2017)
Abstract

Background: Low birth weight is one of the key indicators to assess the health of infants, and appropriate birth weight is one of the most important goals of any health system which also reflects the quality of prenatal care.

Objectives: The present research aimed to study some of the factors associated with low birth weight using quantile regression analysis.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 621 infants born weighing less than 2500 grams in the period 2012-2013. The data were collected from the medical records of infants in health care centers of Zanjan Province which were selected based on multi-stage cluster sampling. The obtained data were statistically analyzed using quantile and multiple regression analysis in SAS-9.2.

Results: In this study, 320 infants (51.5%) were female, and the mean age of mothers and the mean weight of infants were 27.1±5.8 years and 2236±299 grams, respectively. The results showed that low birth weight is significantly related to age, educational attainment, and the number of children. In addition, there was a significant relationship between infant weight and maternal age only in the tenth percentile (P=0.007), while such a relationship was not found in the higher percentiles (50 and 90) (P=0.0, 953.585).

Conclusion: Some of the demographics of mothers such as educational attainment and gestational age were influential in the low birth weight of infants. Maternal age and birth weight were not statistically significant in all areas.


Ali Mohammadi, Koorosh Kamali, Hossein Masoomi Jahandizi,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (3-2017)
Abstract

Background: Empathy is an important factor in the relationship between the therapist and the patient and leaves positive impacts on the health outcomes.

Objectives: To investigate the level of empathy for patients among students of Zanjan University of Medical Sciences.

Methods: The present cross-sectional study was carried out in Zanjan University of Medical Sciences. A sample of 420 students was selected based on stratified sampling method. Jefferson Scale of Empathy was used to measure the level of empathy. Scores in the range of 20-60, 61-100, and 101-140 were regarded as the low, moderate, and high level of empathy, respectively. Data analysis was performed using independent t-test and one-way ANOVA in SPSS-16..

Results: The total score of empathy of students was 103.5±16. The lowest and highest scores in empathy were obtained in dimensions of “standing in the patient’s shoes” and “compassionate care”, respectively. The mean score of empathy for male students (102.15±5.23) was lower than that of females (103.16±2.39). Scores of empathy subscales, except “perspective taking”, were higher in female students than male ones. In addition, there was a significant difference between male and female students in terms of the mean score of “perspective taking”, “compassionate care”, and “standing in the patient’s shoes”.

Conclusion: The study findings indicated that the level of empathy for patients among the studied students is moderate and higher. However, given the positive impacts of empathy on treatment outcomes, it is recommended that students’ level of empathy be further improved through appropriate interventions.



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