publication ethics

We utilize COPE workflow when faced with cases of suspected misconduct and have been translated into a number of different languages.

     The flowcharts are designed to help editors follow COPE’s Code of Conduct and implement its advice.

 Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement

Our publication ethics and publication malpractice statement is mainly based on the Code of Conduct
and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors (Committee on Publication Ethics, 2011).

Editor’s responsibilities
Publication decisions

The editor is responsible for deciding which of the papers submitted to the journal will be published.
The editor will evaluate manuscripts without regard to the authors’ race, gender, sexual orientation,
religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy. The decision will be based on the
paper’s importance, originality and clarity, and the study’s validity and its relevance to the journal's
scope. Current legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism should also
be considered.


Honest errors are a part of science and publishing and require publication of a correction when they are detected. Corrections are needed for errors of fact.

If a correction is needed, journals should follow these minimum standards:

·         The journal should publish a correction notice as soon as possible detailing changes from and citing the original publication; the correction should be on an electronic or numbered print page that is included in an electronic or a print Table of Contents to ensure proper indexing.

·         The journal also should post a new article version with details of the changes from the original version and the date(s) on which the changes were made.

·         The journal should archive all prior versions of the article. This archive can be either directly accessible to readers or can be made available to the reader on request.

·         Previous electronic versions should prominently note that there are more recent versions of the article.

·         The citation should be to the most recent version.

  We required the authors to understand and accept the ethical policy especially:  

·         Declaration of interests — it is important to declare the funding that made the research possible.

·         Registering clinical trials — clinical trials should be registered in publicly accessible registries.

·         Respecting confidentiality — protecting patients from being recognized if used in research and in publication.

·         Protecting research subjects, patients and experimental animals.

The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to
anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers,
and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest
Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted paper will not be used by the editor or the members
of the editorial board for their own research purposes without the author’s explicit written consent.

Reviewers responsibilities
Contribution to editorial decisions

The peer-reviewing process assists the editor and the editorial board in making editorial decisions
and may also serve the author in improving the paper.

Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows
that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and withdraw from the review

Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be
disclosed to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

Standards of objectivity
Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees
should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Acknowledgement of sources
Reviewers should identify cases in which relevant published work referred to in the paper has not
been cited in the reference section. They should point out whether observations or arguments
derived from other publications are accompanied by the respective source. Reviewers will notify the
editor of any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any
other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and conflict of interest
Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used
for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of
interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of
the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the papers.

Authors  duties
Reporting standards

Authors of original research reports should present an accurate account of the work performed as
well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately
in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the
work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are

Data access and retention
Authors could be asked to provide the raw data of their study together with the paper for editorial
review and should be prepared to make the data publicly available if practicable. In any event,
authors should ensure accessibility of such data to other competent professionals for at least ten
years after publication (preferably via an institutional or subject-based data repository or other data
center), provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and legal rights
concerning proprietary data do not preclude their release.

Originality, plagiarism and acknowledgement of sources
Authors will submit only entirely original works, and will appropriately cite or quote the work and/or
words of others. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported
work should also be cited.

Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication
In general, papers describing essentially the same research should not be published in more than one
journal. Submitting the same paper to more than one journal constitutes unethical publishing
behavior and is unacceptable.
Manuscripts which have been published as copyrighted material elsewhere cannot be submitted. In
addition, manuscripts under review by the journal should not be resubmitted to copyrighted
publications. However, by submitting a manuscript, the author(s) retain the rights to the published
material. In case of publication they permit the use of their work under a CC-BY license
[], which allows others to copy, distribute and transmit
the work as well as to adapt the work and to make commercial use of it.

Authorship of the paper
Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception,
design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant
contributions should be listed as co-authors.
The corresponding author ensures that all contributing co-authors and no uninvolved persons are
included in the author list. The corresponding author will also verify that all co-authors have
approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

 The ICMJE recommends that authorship be based on the following 4 criteria:

·         Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND

·         Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND

·         Final approval of the version to be published; AND

·         Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

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Disclosure and conflicts of interest
All authors should include a statement disclosing any financial or other substantive conflicts of
interest that may be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All
sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Articles should be published with statements or supporting documents, such as the ICMJE conflict of interest form, declaring:

·  Authors’ conflicts of interest; and

·   Sources of support for the work, including sponsor names along with explanations of the role of those sources if any in study design; collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; writing of the report; the decision to submit the report for publication; or a statement declaring that the supporting source had no such involvement; and

·   Whether the authors had access to the study data, with an explanation of the nature and extent of access, including whether access is on-going.

To support the above statements, editors may request that authors of a study sponsored by a funder with a proprietary or financial interest in the outcome sign a statement, such as “I had full access to all of the data in this study and I take complete responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.”

Fundamental errors in published works
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the
author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and to cooperate with the
editor to retract or correct the paper in form of an erratum.

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). (2011, March 7). Code of Conduct and Best-Practice
Guidelines for Journal Editors. Retrieved from

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