Volume 10, Issue 1 (4-2020)                   PCNM 2020, 10(1): 26-30 | Back to browse issues page

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Torkzahrani S, Fayazi S, Faghani Aghoozi M, Amerian M, Mohamadi S, karimi Khoshal M. Association of Domestic Violence and Early Suppression of lactation in Mothers Referring to Health Centers in Lahijan -Iran. PCNM. 2020; 10 (1) :26-30
URL: http://zums.ac.ir/nmcjournal/article-1-655-en.html
MSc, In Midwifery, Reproductive Health Research Center, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Alzahra Hospital, School of Medicine, Gilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran , mohadese_karimi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (325 Views)
Background: Domestic violence as a social factor has a significant role in the duration and quality of breastfeeding.
Objectives: This study aims to determine association of domestic violence and early suppression of lactation in Mothers Referring to Health Centers in Lahijan- Iran.
Methods: The present study is a retrospective case-control study. Participants included 235 mothers, 150 breastfeeding mothers and 85 mothers discontinued breastfeeding. Sampling was carried out by convenience and quota method in five urban health centers of Lahijan. The study tools were demographic information, domestic violence, and a researcher-made questionnaire to assess status of breastfeeding. Data were analyzed using Chi-square, t-test, Mann-Whitney test, and logistic regression by SPSS 16 software (P-value <0.05).
Results: The average age of mothers was calculated to be about 27.97 years. According to the results of this study, mothers in the lactation group (group1) (93.33%) started breastfeeding more than esl group (group 2) (67.06%) (P<0.001). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of unwanted pregnancy rate, cesarean section, and motherschr('39') academic education (P-value> 0.05). The rate of psychological and physical violence in the group 1 was significantly higher than the group 1 and the chance of physical violence in group 2 was significantly (about 10 times) higher than the group1 (10, OR 001/0= P).
Conclusion: It seems that physical and psychological domestic violence is directly associated with early suppression of lactation, so screening of domestic violence and appropriate interventions are recommended be considered in maternal care programs.
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Type of Study: Orginal research | Subject: Midwifery
Received: 2020/06/23 | Accepted: 2020/04/29 | Published: 2020/04/29

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