Volume 10, Issue 1 (4-2020)                   PCNM 2020, 10(1): 9-17 | Back to browse issues page

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Khodabandelo M, Namadian M. Social well-being of women in reproductive ages and its related factors in Zanjan, 2016. PCNM. 2020; 10 (1) :9-17
URL: http://zums.ac.ir/nmcjournal/article-1-634-en.html
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran , m.namadian@zums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (610 Views)
Background: Social well-being is one of the main health dimensions that needs to be assessed.
Objectives: As there are few studies on the social well-being dimensions, the current study aimed to determine the social well-being of women of reproductive age and the related factors in Zanjan, Iran.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 382 women of reproductive age (10-49 years), referred to the Health Centers of Zanjan, Iran. Samples were selected using the stratified cluster sampling method, according to the socioeconomic status. Data were collected, using the Keyes social well-being questionnaire as a tool with good validity and reliability. Data were analyzed through SPSS software using descriptive and analytical tests (Kruskal-Wallis, Pearson Correlation, and Multiple regressions). The statistical significance level was considered as p<0.05.
Result: In total, 382 women were assessed, and their social well-being total mean score was 64.7±6.5. The domains of Social contribution (16.8) and Social integration (10.8) had the highest and the lowest mean score, respectively. Those women and their husbands’ who had a higher educational level (p<0.001, P=0.03) and were employed (P=0.003, p=0,004) were more likely to have better social well-being. A significant association was found between the social well-being and socio-economic level (P<0.001). No significant association was found among age groups and marital status with social well-being. The educational level and sufficient income were found significant as independent variables associated with social well-being in the multiple linear Regression models.Conclusion: The majority of women had a moderate level of social well-being. When planning for improving social well-being, education and income should be considered. Further research to improve the dimensions of social well-being in women in reproductive age is recommended.
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Type of Study: Orginal research | Subject: other
Received: 2020/03/23 | Accepted: 2020/05/30 | Published: 2020/04/29

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